ロシアのプーチン大統領は5日、欧米諸国がウクライナに長距離ミサイルシステムを供給した場合、「我々がまだ攻撃していない対象」を標的にするとの見解を示した。国営タス通信が伝えた。米国が高機動ロケット砲システム（HIMARS〈ハイマース〉）の提供を決めるなど、欧米各国が新たな武器供与を進めていることへの警告とみられる。 プーチン氏は5日放映された国営テレビのインタビューで、欧米による長距離ミサイルの供給を受け、「適切な結論を導き出し、我々がまだ攻撃していない対象を攻撃するため、破壊手段を使うだろう」と述べた。新たな標的の中身には言及しなかった。 米国が提供するHIMARS…この記事は有料会員記事です。残り166文字有料会員になると続きをお読みいただけます。
指揮官の目線は何度も下を向いた。 唇もかんだ。 ため息もついた。 英国のカーディフで行われたサッカーのワールドカップ（W杯）欧州予選プレーオフ。 勝てばW杯出場が決まる試合で、ウクライナはウェールズに0―1で敗れた。 試合後には記者会見が開かれた。 約15分間あった質疑応答で、ウクライナのオレクサンドル・ペトラコフ監督は通訳を介しながら、何とか言葉を絞り出した。 「ゴールを奪えず、ウクライナのファンに申し訳ないと伝えたい。でもこれがサッカー。こんなこともある」 試合は雨が降り続けるなかで行われた。 明暗を分けたのは、前半34分のオウンゴールだった。 劣勢に立たされたウクライナは攻め続けたが、最後までゴールネットをゆらせなかった。 2006年以来2度目のW杯本大会出場が、目の前から消えた。 その場から立ち上がれない選手や、涙する選手もいた。 試合後のロッカールームは沈黙に包まれていたという。 悔しさと苦しさが混在するなか、指揮官はお願いを口にした。 「ウクライナの人々には、選…この記事は有料会員記事です。残り674文字有料会員になると続きをお読みいただけます。
SharecloseShare pageCopy linkAbout sharingImage source, Getty ImagesThe details of what each of us look at online are an incredibly valuable resource.This tracked data helps the likes of Google and Facebook earn billions and billions of dollars a year in advertising revenue, as they use the information to target adverts at us.For example, if you are browsing online fashion retailers to potentially buy a new pair of jeans, you should very soon see adverts for the denim trousers appearing elsewhere on your computer screen. We have all seen this happen regarding whatever we were thinking of purchasing.The level to which we are being tracked online in this way is somewhat unnerving. The average European has data about his or her internet usage shared 376 times a day, according to one recent study. For US surfers this almost doubles to 747.But what if you could not only have more control over how much of your data is shared, but actually make money from it?That is the promise is of a Canadian tech firm called Surf, which last year launched a browser extension of the same name. It rewards people for surfing the internet.Image source, SurfStill in its beta or limited release stage in the US and Canada, it works by bypassing the likes of Google, and instead sells your data directly to retail brands. In return Surf gives you points that can be saved up and then redeemed for shop gift cards and discounts.Firms signed up so far include Foot Locker, The Body Shop, Crocs, and Dyson.Surf points out that all the data is anonymous - your email addresses and telephone numbers are not shared, and you don't have to give your name when you sign up. It does however ask for your age, gender and approximate address, but these are not compulsory.The idea is that brands can use the data that Surf provides to, for example, see what are the most popular websites among 18 to 24-year-old men in Los Angeles. Then can then target their adverts accordingly.Surf hasn't released details of how much people can earn, but so far it says it has enabled users to collectively earn more than $1.2m (£960,000).People can also use Surf to limit what data they share, such as blocking information about certain websites they visit.One Surf user is Aminah Al-Noor, a student at York University in Toronto, Canada, who says she feels that the extension has given her "the control back" over her online data.Image source, Aminah Al-Noor"You can pick what you want to give Surf," adds the 21-year-old. "And other times I forget that I have it on, and a week later I will check, and my points just keep going up."All tech companies are going to collect our information, but the point is to make our experiences using the technology better, right," adds the 21-year-old.New Tech Economy is a series exploring how technological innovation is set to shape the new emerging economic landscape.Surf's co-founder and chief executive Swish Goswami says the firm wants to be "the frequent flyer rewards of internet browsing".He adds: "From day one we have been clear with users on what we share and don't share, and we give them the ability to control their data as well."I think if you are upfront with people, and letting them know you are sharing data with brands, and you are doing it in an anonymised way - i.e. it cannot come back to them because we don't have their first or last name, then people are more comfortable to say 'yes' and share more with us."Surf is part of a growing movement that some commentators have dubbed "responsible technology", part of which is to give people more control over their data.Another tech firm in this space is fellow Canadian start-up Waverly, which allows people to compile their own news feeds rather than rely on Google News and Apple News' tracker and advertising-based algorithms.With Waverly, you fill out the topics you are interested in, and its AI software finds articles it thinks you'd like to read. The Montreal-based firm is the brainchild of founder Philippe Beaudoin who was formerly a Google engineer.Image source, Philippe Beaudoin Users of the app can change their preferences regularly and send feedback on what articles are being recommended to them.Mr Beaudoin says that users have to make a bit of effort, in that they have to tell the app the stuff they are interested in, but that in return they are freed from being "being trapped by advertisements"."Responsible tech should empower users, but it also shouldn't shy from asking them to do some work on their behalf," he says."[In return] our AI reads thousands of articles a day, and places them in an index [for users]."Rob Shavell's US firm Abine, makes two apps that enable the user to increase his or her privacy - Blur and Delete Me. The former ensures that your passwords and payment details cannot be tracked, while the later removes your personal information from search engines.Mr Shavell says his view is that the surfing the internet should come with "privacy by design".Carissa Veliz, an associate professor at Oxford University's Institute for Ethics in AI, says that tech firms need to be "incentivised to develop business models that do not depend on the exploitation of personal data".Image source, Carissa Veliz"It is worrisome that most of the algorithms that are ruling our lives are being produced by private companies without any kind of supervisions or guidance to make sure those algorithms are supportive of our public goods and values," she adds."I don't think transparency is a panacea, or even half of the solution, but policymakers in particular should have access to the algorithms."Google points to its new "Privacy Sandbox" initiative, which has "the goal of introducing new, more private advertising solutions".A Google spokesperson says: "That's why we're collaborating with regulators and the web community to create technologies, through the Privacy Sandbox, that will protect people's privacy online while helping keep online content and services free for all."Later this year, we'll launch My Ad Center, which expands our privacy controls to give people more direct control over the information used to show them ads."
SharecloseShare pageCopy linkAbout sharingImage source, AFPThe Central African Republic's decision to adopt Bitcoin as legal tender came as a surprise to many, but the government argues that it will secure an independent financial future for the country, as the BBC's Damian Zane and Guy Bandolo report.The president seemed to be following the Elon Musk style of cryptic cryptocurrency tweets.Under the teasing heading "More to follow" CAR President Faustin-Archange Touadéra typed "Vires in Numeris" - a Latin motto meaning "strength in numbers" that has been associated with Bitcoin. Then came his nation's motto.This was shared with the world a month after the CAR became only the second country, following El Salvador, to adopt Bitcoin as legal tender.The mineral-rich nation is ranked as one of the poorest in the world - a situation complicated by a near-decade-long civil war which has devastated much of the country. The government has recruited the Russian mercenary Wagner group to help in its fight against rebels.The CAR's Bitcoin announcement left many scratching their heads and some wondering if it had more to do with a political shift away from France and towards Russia.There has certainly not been a sudden explosion in the capital, Bangui, of businesses such as shops or cafes accepting Bitcoin as a means of payment.According to an estimate from 2020, nine out of 10 Central Africans do not have access to the internet - a prerequisite for using Bitcoin.That, along with a patchy and unreliable electricity supply, led some to question whether the CAR was the right country to test the theory that cryptocurrencies were set to replace traditional forms of money.'Visionary plan'The initial decision, announced on 27 April, was accompanied by little explanation except that it would open up "new opportunities for our country".The "more to follow" that President Touadéra was referring to in his May tweet was the announcement of a project called Sango - named after one of the country's official languages.This "visionary" plan would create "a fantastic opportunity for anyone who believes in crypto investing", according to a government press release.However, the website that the press release encouraged people to visit to find out more is opaque to say the least.Image source, Sango.orgTo go on an investor waiting list, the visitor is encouraged to sign up to receive a "secret code".The code provides access to a flashy slide presentation that declares that the CAR wants to build the "first legal Crypto Hub recognized by a country's parliament, that welcomes businesses and attracts global crypto-enthusiasts".Sango is a "Crypto Island… the first island in the metaverse that is backed by reality". The people behind the presentation used a lot of "big words" but "the document was not very clear on exactly what they want to do", says Stone Atwine, a crypto-specialist who runs digital financial services company Eversend.Among the jargon seems to be a plan to allow people to invest in mining and other industries using Bitcoin and a promise that no income or corporation tax will be charged.Mr Atwine believes that this could have potential as "a lot of cryptocurrency enthusiasts are looking for great places to build where things are legal".The CAR has significant deposits of diamonds and gold, as well as other minerals, and Bitcoin is being seen as an easier way to attract investors to the country."Impenetrable bureaucracy keeps us stuck in systems that don't give us the ability to perform. The solution was to rethink our economic philosophy," President Touadéra said in reference to the Sango project.Image source, Getty ImagesThe plan cannot be faulted for its ambition but when it comes to cryptocurrency and ordinary Central Africans, more publicity - and infrastructure - are clearly needed."I don't understand what cryptocurrency is," Edith Yambogaze, who sells cassava in Bangui, told the BBC."I have a smartphone, but I do not have good enough internet to be able to use cryptocurrency. Also, I do not trust cryptocurrency because there are people who do scams on the internet."This scepticism seems to be matched by some in El Salvador, where President Nayib Bukele promotes Bitcoin with a missionary zeal."El Salvador has had problems with the take-up of the Chivo Wallet," said Ganesh Viswanath-Natraj, an academic at Warwick University specialising in cryptocurrencies.The Chivo Wallet is a government-developed app to make Bitcoin transactions easier, but recent research suggested that while there were a lot of downloads when it was launched last year, there have been virtually none in 2022.Some people told researchers that they did not trust Bitcoin.'The internet is coming'Backers of CAR's adoption of the cryptocurrency, however, are asking people to be patient.MP Jean Galvanis Ngassiyombo, who is on the National Assembly's economic, planning and finance commission, admitted that the technological infrastructure was not yet in place in the country.But he told the BBC that a fibre optic network would be installed by the end of next year which could give everyone internet access. The CAR has signed a deal with neighbouring Cameroon to share its fibre optic network in 2023."What the [Bitcoin] law did is anticipate that technology so, in fact, we can be ready when that technology is available to us," Mr Ngassiyombo said.He is a cryptocurrency investor himself and told the BBC how he gets regular updates about price fluctuations on his phone. "I made money today," he laughed as he showed how the app works.It is argued that in a country where few people have bank accounts, the adoption of Bitcoin will help encourage savings and offer a safe place to store and transfer money. But many are sceptical.Dr Viswanath-Natraj argues that while there are advantages, investor concern about the country's financial stability could in fact drive up interest rates and the volatility in the Bitcoin price could damage savings.The Cameroon-based Bank of Central African States (BEAC) oversees the CAR's currency, the CFA franc, which is backed by France and is shared by five other countries in the region. It was not happy when the law was passed.A damning letter sent in April from the bank's governor, Abbas Mahamat Tolli, to CAR's Finance Minister Hervé Ndoba said the Bitcoin law indicated that the country wanted to establish a currency that could compete with or replace the CFA.He urged CAR to scrap the law, saying it could affect financial stability in the region.The International Monetary Fund was also critical, saying that it raised "major legal, transparency and economic policy challenges", the financial news agency Bloomberg reported.Supporters of Bitcoin, which is hailed as a disruptive force that improves the lives of ordinary people, may not be surprised by the attitude of established economic institutions. But the criticism and where it is coming from also indicates that the CAR's move may have political motives as well as economic ones.While France's involvement with the CFA and the fact that it is pegged to the euro ensures its stability, critics also see it as a form of neo-colonial control.They argue that it stymies economic independence and allows France, the former colonial power, to retain its influence.Image source, Getty ImagesThe Jeune Afrique journal has reported that some government ministers have a strategy of trying to break away from France.Despite the fears of the BEAC, it is highly unlikely that the CAR would give up the CFA "as this would cause major economic disruption", analyst Nathan Hayes from the Economist Intelligence Unit told the BBC."It's a populist announcement from the government, rather than a serious shift in monetary policy," he said.It could also signal a move towards Russia.After President Touadéra came to office in 2016, the country started shifting its strategic alliance from France.As part of this, mercenaries from the Russian Wagner Group have been used to help fight rebel forces.There has been speculation that they are paid through the awarding of mining contracts but Bitcoin "would be a way to circumvent any restrictions on payments if they wanted to move away from this in the future", Mr Hayes said.But for the MP Mr Ngassiyombo, the move towards cryptocurrency has nothing to do with Russia."The way we conduct our business… depends on what the president of this country is trying to build for its own people."And if the glossy Sango presentation is to be believed, he wants to create "a digital future of endless possibilities".More on this storyEU alarm at Russian mercenaries in Central AfricaEl Salvador accepts Bitcoin as legal tenderWhat is Bitcoin?Around the BBCAfrica Today podcastsRelated Internet LinksBBC What's New - CAR and BitcoinThe BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites.
SharecloseShare pageCopy linkAbout sharingImage source, EPAIndia has defended its decision to ban wheat exports after criticism that it could worsen the global food supply situation in the wake of the Ukraine war."If everyone starts to impose export restrictions... that would worsen the crisis," German Food and Agriculture Minister Cem Ozdemir said after the ban was announced in May.But India's Commerce Minister, Piyush Goyal, says the export ban should not affect global markets because it is not a major wheat exporter.So what has been the impact of India's move?Global wheat price riseIndia's ban was announced on 13 May, after unseasonably hot weather affected the wheat crop, sending local prices soaring.Although India is not a major wheat exporter, the move unsettled global markets with the Chicago benchmark wheat index rising by nearly 6%.The prices of some of the main types of wheat rose for several days, peaking on 17 to 18 May.Wheat prices had risen throughout March and April after the Russian invasion of Ukraine, as had the prices of other foodstuffs.Disruption caused by the war means that millions of tonnes of wheat have been unable to leave Ukraine, which is one of the world's biggest exporters.Kelly Goughary, of the agriculture data research group Gro Intelligence, explains that India's ban led to a further price surge because "global buyers were depending on supplies from India after exports from the Black Sea region plunged". Who's been affected by India's ban?India is the world's second biggest wheat producer, but accounts for less than 1% of the global wheat trade. It keeps a lot of it to provide subsidised food for the poor.But just before announcing the ban, India was aiming to boost exports by shipping a record 10 million tonnes of wheat this year - compared with just two million last year.It was offering supplies to new markets in Asia and Africa, and even after the ban, several countries said they were in touch with India to keep exports going.Image source, Getty ImagesIndia says some countries will still receive wheat exports, and that it will "continue to assist neighbours in their hour of need." Its top export markets are Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka - as well as the United Arab Emirates (UAE). In 2019-20, Sri Lanka and UAE imported more than 50% of their wheat from India, according to the Observatory of Economic Complexity (OEC), and Nepal imported more than 90%.It is not yet clear whether these countries will still get Indian wheat under existing contracts, or will receive supplies under future deals.However, Egypt says that government purchases of Indian wheat will continue. It's one of the biggest importers of wheat globally.The International Monetary Fund has called on India to reconsider the export ban, saying it could play a significant role in helping alleviate the current wheat supply crisis for those countries most affected by the war in Ukraine.Bad weather and fertiliser pricesApart from the war in Ukraine, the weather has had an impact in some major wheat-exporting countries."Drought, floods and heat waves threaten crops in some other major producers [US, Canada and France]," says Kelly Goughary of Gro Intelligence.Image source, Getty ImagesGlobal wheat production for the 2022-23 period will be the lowest for four years, and global stocks of wheat are predicted to be at their lowest for six years, according to a US government report.Gro Intelligence also points out that global fertiliser prices have tripled over the past year, risking "significant" reductions in crop yields this year. It estimates that this - together with other factors - means global wheat stocks are down to their lowest level since the 2008 financial crisis.China - the world's largest producer of wheat for its huge population - said in March that its winter crop could be the "worst in history" because of heavy rainfall in 2021. There is still uncertainty about the actual state of the harvest, and whether or not it will be badly affected. But if it is, China may want to buy on global markets to build up its stocks, further tightening global supplies and pushing up prices.Read more from Reality CheckSend us your questions
中山直樹、板倉大地2022年6月6日 8時00分 福岡県篠栗町で2020年4月、三男の翔士郎（しょうじろう）ちゃん（当時5）に十分な食事を与えずに餓死させたとして、保護責任者遺棄致死の罪に問われた母親の碇（いかり）利恵被告（40）の裁判員裁判が6日午前10時から福岡地裁で始まる。 弁護側は、碇被告が知人の赤堀恵美子被告（49）=同罪などで起訴=から心理的な支配を受け、正常な判断ができない状態だったとして情状酌量を求める方針だ。一方、碇被告と分離して裁判が開かれる赤堀被告は、弁護人によると「支配はしていない」と共謀について否認しているという。（中山直樹、板倉大地）
滋賀県甲賀市のJR草津線の駅で、電車を降りようとした男性（66）が閉まったドアに挟まれてけがをした。持病があって降りるまでに時間がかかったため、乗務員が気づかずにドアを閉じたらしい。体の不自由な乗客もいるなか、ドアを安全に開け閉めするにはどうしたらいいか。記者はストップウォッチを手に考えた。ドアに挟まれ、今も痛み 男性がけがをしたのは3月18日だ。大学生だった長女の卒業式に出るため、妻、次女と京都へ行った帰りだった。最寄りの甲南駅で電車を降りようとした際、閉まったドアに挟まれた。脇腹に痛みを感じた。ドアはその後すぐに開いた。 男性は難病の膠原（こうげん）病を患う。筋力が低下し、疲労しやすい。その日、移動で疲れていて、荷物もあったので電車が完全に止まるまで席を立たず、家族を気遣いながら出口に向かった。それでも十分間に合うと思っていたという。 翌日病院へ行った。骨に異常はなかったものの、胸のねんざと診断された。現在も背中や脇腹、右手首などに痛みが残るという。 JR西日本とは電話などで複数回やりとりしたが、「こちらに非はない」の一点張り。男性は「納得がいかない」と話す。 JR西は朝日新聞の取材に対し、「車掌は乗降客が途切れたことを確認してドアを閉め、男性が挟まれた瞬間、ただちにドアを開けた」と説明した。到着前に車内放送で停車時間はわずかだとアナウンスしたという。「車掌は車内から降りようとする人の姿は確認できない」とし、「落ち度はない」とする。 JR西によると、草津線では2019～21年度、乗客がドアに挟まれたことが今回の件を含めて3件あった。管内全体の件数は「個別に集計していない」として明らかにしなかった。電車のドアがどれぐらいの時間で開け閉めされているか、考えたことはありますか。記者は、男性がけがをしたのと同じ路線に向かい、確かめてみました。■「14秒」で閉まる駅も…この記事は有料会員記事です。残り1142文字有料会員になると続きをお読みいただけます。
韓国北部・坡州（パジュ）市の烏頭山（オドゥサン）の山頂に「統一展望台」がある。ソウル市内からも近く、地下鉄とバスなどで手軽に行くことができる人気の場所だ。 「統一」とは、朝鮮半島の統一のこと。30年前に開館した展望台は「分断の現場で、統一の夢を育む場」とされている。 ここに立つと、南北の二つの国を隔てている臨津江（イムジンガン）が眼下に流れる。そしてその対岸には、北朝鮮の村を見ることができる。わずか数キロ先。だが、自由な行き来は望めない「かなた」でもある。 「見えた！」「道を人が歩い…この記事は有料会員記事です。残り720文字有料会員になると続きをお読みいただけます。
Rebel Conservative MPs say they expect a no confidence vote in Boris Johnson to be held in the coming days.Letters expressing no confidence in the prime minister must be submitted by 54 Tory MPs to trigger a challenge. Data collated by Sky News shows that 28 Conservatives have publicly called for Mr Johnson to resign, with several more questioning his position.Business minister Paul Scully also said on Sunday evening there "may well" be a confidence vote, but predicted the prime minister would "face down" that challenge.The process to trigger a ballot is anonymous, and only the senior MP Sir Graham Brady - who chairs the 1922 Committee of Conservatives - knows who has sent in a letter. Advertisement One rebel MP told Sky News they suspected the vote would happen this week, but added it was hard to know precisely because this was an "organic and completely unorganised" show of concern from backbenchers. Earlier this year, suggestions of an imminent leadership challenge failed to materialise and one MP who has sent a letter cautioned that "anything could happen" in the coming days.There have been suggestions the ballot should be pushed back to later in the month to maximise the chances of removing the prime minister. Please use Chrome browser for a more accessible video player 0:25 PM cheered and booed at St Paul's 'Boris is going nowhere'One senior MP who has called for Mr Johnson to resign said having a vote now would be "daft" and "too risky".If a contest is triggered, 180 Conservative MPs would need to vote against the PM for him to be removed.Allies of Mr Johnson said he would win the vote whenever it arrived, meaning one year of immunity from a further challenge, according to party rules."After the 12 months, we will be very close to a general election, so probably a whole lot of reluctance to remove him then…Boris is going nowhere and will be leading us into the next general election," said one supportive ex-minister.Read more:'PM in more danger than he thinks'Who's in the firing line after partygate report? Please use Chrome browser for a more accessible video player 2:17 How to replace a Tory PM 'Tories very unlikely to win next election'Downing Street will try to shift the focus onto domestic policy this week, with a series of announcements about the NHS and a potential speech on housebuilding.However, a poll on Sunday predicted more trouble for the prime minister, forecasting a heavy loss in the Wakefield by-election later this month."The main reason that voters give is that Boris Johnson has covered up partygate and then lied about it," said James Johnson, a pollster at JL Partners."The second-biggest reason is Boris Johnson is out of touch with working class people."Activists have also criticised the prime minister, with the chair of the Grassroots Conservatives group Ed Costelloe telling Sky News that Mr Johnson should "go with dignity" in the coming months."If he stays as the prime minister, the party are very unlikely to win the next election, which would mean some sort of coalition of Labour, Lib Dems and SNP," said Mr Costelloe.
Rebel Conservative MPs say they expect a no confidence vote in Boris Johnson to be held in the coming days.Letters…
Rebel Conservative MPs say they expect a no confidence vote in Boris Johnson to be held in the coming days.Letters…
世界ボクシング協会（WBA）、国際ボクシング連盟（IBF）バンタム級統一王者・井上尚弥（29）=大橋=と世界ボクシング評議会（WBC）同級王者ノニト・ドネア（39）=フィリピン=が7日、さいたまスーパーアリーナで王座統一戦を行う。 この試合は動画配信サービス大手のアマゾンプライム・ビデオが生配信（午後6時半配信開始）する。 同社が国内でスポーツのライブ配信をするのは、4月9日のミドル級王座統一戦、村田諒太（帝拳）―ゲンナジー・ゴロフキン（カザフスタン）に続いて2回目。アマゾンジャパンの児玉隆志カントリーマネジャーに狙いを聞いた。 ――村田―ゴロフキン戦の反応は？ すごく良かった。満足度を測るカスタマーレビューが5点満点で3・9点。ニッチなコンテンツではまれに4点台もあるが、地上波でいうところの視聴率2桁に乗る今回のようなコンテンツには、賛否両論がつきまとうもの。この数字は、本当にすごい。 敗れはしたけれど、村田選手の戦いぶりがすごく共感を得た。良いコンテンツのドラマだった。 ビジネス的には、この試合へのライセンス投資で数億円、広告費で数億円、サーバー増強の投資で数億円と、かなり投資した。かなり高く設定した目標に達した。 ――400万件の同時視聴接続を想定して、サーバーを準備していたそうですね。 具体的な数字は言えないが、遠からずですね。ただ、仮に400万件が目標だとしたら、サーバーは800万件分を用意しないといけない。用意したサーバーキャパシティーの半分ぐらいに抑えられたら、成功なんです。これが9割くらいまでいくと失敗になっちゃう。リスクを抱えることになりますから。今回は、用意したサーバー数に対して、想定通りの視聴者だった。 ――その数字は？…