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Prefectures of Japan Yamagata

Prefectures of Japan Yamagata

Prefectures of Japan Yamagata

Yamagata Prefecture
山形県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
• Japanese 山形県
• Rōmaji Yamagata-ken

Prefectures of Japan Yamagata – Profile Photos

Prefectures of Japan Yamagata

Country Japan
Region Tōhoku
Island Honshu
Capital Yamagata
Subdivisions Districts: 8, Municipalities: 35
Government
• Governor Mieko Yoshimura
Area
• Total 9,325.15 km2 (3,600.46 sq mi)
Area rank 9th
Population (June 1, 2019)
• Total 1,079,950
• Rank 35th
• Density 120/km2 (300/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-06
Website www.pref.yamagata.jp
Symbols
Bird Mandarin duck (Aix galericulata)
Fish Cherry salmon (Oncorhynchus masou)
Flower Safflower (Car

Prefectures of Japan Yamagata

Yamagata Prefecture (山形県, Yamagata-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Tōhoku region of Honshu.

Yamagata Prefecture has a population of 1,079,950 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 9,325 km² (3,600 sq mi).

Yamagata Prefecture borders Akita Prefecture to the north, Miyagi Prefecture to the east, Fukushima Prefecture to the south, and Niigata Prefecture to the southwest.

Yamagata is the capital and largest city of Yamagata Prefecture, with other major cities including Tsuruoka, Sakata,Shinjō, and Yonezawa.

Yamagata Prefecture is located on Japan’s western Sea of Japan coast and its borders with neighboring prefectures are formed by various mountain ranges, with 17% of its total land area being designated as Natural Parks.

Yamagata Prefecture formed the southern half of the historic Dewa Province with Akita Prefecture and is home to the Three Mountains of Dewa, which includes the Haguro Five-story Pagoda, a recognised National Treasure of Japan.

History

The aboriginal Ezo (蝦夷) people once inhabited the area now known as Yamagata.

Yamagata and Akita Prefecture were known as Dewa Province until the Meiji Restoration.

During the Heian period (794–1185), the Fujiwara (藤原) family ruled the area. Yamagata City flourished during the Edo period (1603–1867) due to its status as a castle town and post station, famous for beni (red safflower dye used in the production of handspun silk).

In 1689, the famous haiku poet, Matsuo Bashō visited Yamagata during his five-month trip to the northern regions of Japan.

Geography

Yamagata Prefecture is located in the southwest corner of Tōhoku, facing the Sea of Japan.

It borders Niigata Prefecture and Fukushima Prefecture on the south, Miyagi Prefecture on the east, and Akita Prefecture on the north.

All of these boundaries are marked by mountains, with most of the population residing in a limited central plain.

As of 31 March 2020, 17 percent of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Bandai-Asahi National Park; Chōkai, Kurikoma, and Zaō Quasi-National Parks; and Goshōzan, Kabusan, Kennan, Mogamigawa, Shōnai Kaihin, and Tendō Kōgen Prefectural Natural Parks.

Climate

The climate of Yamagata Prefecture is characterized by long, hot, and humid summers and long, snowy winters.

Both spring and autumn are short, the former often cold, the latter often warm, but both quite dry and sunny.

Yamagata Prefecture, along with northern parts of Miyagi and Iwate are the transition areas from humid subtropical climate (Koppen Cfa/Cwa) to humid continental within the Japan mainland.

Winter temperatures rarely fall below −10 °C (14 °F) in populated areas; they frequently rise above 30 °C (86 °F) in July and August.

Precipitation falls all year round and the remnants of one or perhaps two typhoons usually pass through between August and October.

The winters see heavy snowfall especially at higher elevations, though the Japan Sea coast (Sakata) is milder and has more rain.

Snowfall for Shinjō is typical of populated mountainous areas, snowfall for Yamagata City typical of the valleys.

The central mountains around Gassan may see as much as 3,000 centimetres (98.43 ft) of snow in a season with depths up to 8 metres (26 ft) at higher elevations.

Economy

Yamagata Prefecture is the largest producer of cherries and pears in Japan.

A large quantity of other kinds of fruits such as grapes, apples, peaches, melons, persimmons and watermelons are also produced.

Demographics

As of October 2014, Yamagata Prefecture had a population of 1,131,000.

The prefecture also has one of the oldest populations in Japan. As of 2004, 12.8% of the population was aged between 65 and 74, and 12.1% was over 75 (the fourth and third highest in Japan, respectively).

Over 40% of households in Yamagata contain one or more relatives aged 65 or over (one of the three highest in Japan).

Per Japanese census data and population of Yamagata has changed significantly with Yamagata 2020 having roughly same population as Yamagata 1930

Culture

Festivals and events

Yamagata Prefecture has a number of annual festivals and events.

The largest is the Yamagata Hanagasa Festival (花笠祭り) which takes place in Yamagata City on the first weekend in August, when thousands of people perform the hanagasa dance in the city centre and attracts up to 300,000 spectators.

Yamagata City is the home of the bi-annual Yamagata International Documentary Film Festival in October.

In February, a snow lantern festival is held in Yonezawa at the Uesugi Shrine.

Hundreds of candle-lit lanterns light pathways dug into the snow around the shrine.

Yonezawa is also the site of the Uesugi Festival (上杉祭り, uesugi matsuri) in mid-spring.

The festival’s highlight is a re-enactment of the Battle of Kawanakajima on the banks of the Matsukawa River.

In September, Yamagata Prefecture is famous for its imoni, a taro-root stew popular in Northern Japan during the autumn.

Imonikai, taro-root soup parties, are very popular during this season, and many tourists come to Yamagata Prefecture specifically for its particular style of imoni.

Art

Beginning in 2003, Yamagata city officials with the aid of Tōhoku University of Art and Design began a three-year project in which the Buddhist art of the city’s temples would be catalogued and compared to a set of guidelines in order to identify “cultural assets”.

One hundred and ninety temples have had their works of art examined and several significant examples of Buddhist sculpture have been discovered.

At Heisenji Temple, in the Hirashimizu district, a particularly rare statue, a seated Vairocana Buddha made from zelkova wood, was found. Other significant works include sculptures from the Heian period (794–1185) and Kamakura period (1192–1333).

The Yamagata Museum of Art, located in Yamagata City, was opened in 1964 through the efforts of a foundation led by Yoshio Hattori, the president of Yamagata Shimbun and Yamagata Broadcasting Co, Ltd.

The permanent collection consists of three types of art: Japanese and Asian, regional, and French. Special exhibitions are held periodically.

Language

Yamagata Prefecture is known for its local dialect Yamagata-ben, sometimes thought of as backward sounding in other parts of Japan.

The 2004 movie Swing Girls (スウィングガールズ), co-written and directed by Shinobu Yaguchi, is set in Yamagata and makes use of Yamagata-ben for comedic purposes.

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Yamagata.

Football

Montedio Yamagata

Volleyball

Pioneer Red Wings (Tendō)

Basketball

Passlab Yamagata Wyverns

Tourism

The temple of Yama-dera, carved into the mountainside near the city of Yamagata, is a major attraction.

The Dewa Sanzan are three holy mountains that form a traditional pilgrimage for followers of the Shugendō branch of Shintō.

The famous Gojudo (five-story pagoda) is at the base of Mount Haguro, the lowest of the three mountains.

Mount Zaō is a famous winter ski resort, also known for its snow monsters (frozen snow-covered trees) in the winter, and the Okama crater lake, also known as the Goshiki Numa (Five Color Lake) because its colour changes according to the weather.

Media

Newspapers

Yamagata Shimbun
Yonezawa Shimbun
Shonai Nippo
Okitama Times

TV and radio

YBC TV and Radio (NNN, JRN, and NRN)
YTS TV (ANN)
TUY TV (JNN)
SAY TV (FNN)
Rhythm Station (JFN)

Film

Yamagata International Documentary Film Festival

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Prefectures of Japan Aichi

Prefectures of Japan Aichi

Prefectures of Japan Aichi

Aichi Prefecture
愛知県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
• Japanese 愛知県
• Rōmaji Aichi-ken

Prefectures of Japan Aichi – Profile Photos

Prefectures of Japan Aichi

Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Island Honshu
Capital Nagoya
Subdivisions Districts: 7, Municipalities: 54
Government
• Governor Hideaki Ōmura (since February 2011)
Area
• Total 5,172.92 km2 (1,997.28 sq mi)
Area rank 27th
Population (1 October 2019)
• Total 7,552,873
• Rank 4th
• Density 1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-23
Website www.pref.aichi.jp/global/en/index.html
Symbols
Bird Oriental scops owl (Otus sunia japonicus)
Fish Kuruma prawn (Penaeus japonicus)
Flower Kakitsubata (Iris laevigata)
Tree Hananoki (Acer pycnanthum)

Prefectures of Japan Aichi

A

ichi Prefecture (愛知県, Aichi-ken, Japanese pronunciation: [aitɕi̥ꜜkeɴ]) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshū.[1]: 11, 126  Aichi Prefecture has a population of 7,552,873 (as of 1 October 2019) and a geographic area of 5,172.92 square kilometres (1,997.28 sq mi) with a population density of 1,460 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,800/sq mi). Aichi Prefecture borders Mie Prefecture to the west, Gifu Prefecture and Nagano Prefecture to the north, and Shizuoka Prefecture to the east.

Nagoya is the capital and largest city of Aichi Prefecture, and the fourth-largest city in Japan, with other major cities including Toyota, Okazaki, and Ichinomiya. Aichi Prefecture and Nagoya form the core of the Chūkyō metropolitan area, the third-largest metropolitan area in Japan and one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world.[1]: 685  Aichi Prefecture is located on Japan’s Pacific Ocean coast and forms part of the Tōkai region, a subregion of the Chūbu region and Kansai region. Aichi Prefecture is home to the Toyota Motor Corporation. Aichi Prefecture had many locations with the Higashiyama Zoo and Botanical Gardens, The Chubu Centrair International Airport, and the Legoland Japan Resort.

History

Originally, the region was divided into two provinces of Owari and Mikawa.[1]: 780  After the Meiji Restoration, Owari and Mikawa were united into a single entity. In 1871, after the abolition of the han system, Owari, with the exception of the Chita Peninsula, was established as Nagoya Prefecture, while Mikawa combined with the Chita Peninsula and formed Nukata Prefecture. Nagoya Prefecture was renamed to Aichi Prefecture in April 1872, and was united with Nukata Prefecture on November 27 of the same year.

The government of Aichi Prefecture is located in the Aichi Prefectural Government Office in Nagoya, which is the old capital of Owari. The Aichi Prefectural Police and its predecessor organisations have been responsible for law enforcement in the prefecture since 1871.

The Expo 2005 World Exposition was held in Seto and Nagakute.

Etymology

In the third volume of the Man’yōshū there is a poem by Takechi Kurohito that reads: “The cry of the crane, calling to Sakurada; it sounds like the tide, draining from Ayuchi flats, hearing the crane cry”. Ayuchi is the original form of the name Aichi, and the Fujimae tidal flat is all that remains of the earlier Ayuchi-gata. It is now a protected area.[2][3]

For a time, an Aichi Station existed on the Kansai Line (at the time the Kansai Railway) between Nagoya and Hatta stations, but its role was overtaken by Sasashima-raibu Station on the Aonami Line and Komeno Station on the Kintetsu Nagoya Line.

Geography

Located near the center of the Japanese main island of Honshu, Aichi Prefecture faces the Ise and Mikawa Bays to the south and borders Shizuoka Prefecture to the east, Nagano Prefecture to the northeast, Gifu Prefecture to the north, and Mie Prefecture to the west. It measures 106 km (66 mi) east to west and 94 km (58 mi) south to north and forms a major portion of the Nōbi Plain. With an area of 5,172.48 square kilometres (1,997.11 sq mi) it accounts for approximately 1.36% of the total surface area of Japan. The highest spot is Chausuyama at 1,415 m (4,642 ft) above sea level.

The western part of the prefecture is dominated by Nagoya, Japan’s third largest city, and its suburbs, while the eastern part is less densely populated but still contains several major industrial centers. Due to its robust economy, for the period from October 2005 to October 2006, Aichi was the fastest growing prefecture in terms of population, beating Tokyo, at 7.4% and around with after Saitama Prefecture.

As of 1 April 2012, 23% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as the Natural Parks, namely the Aichi Kōgen, Hida-Kisogawa, Mikawa Wan, and Tenryū-Okumikawa Quasi-National Parks along with seven Prefectural Natural Parks.

Cities

Thirty-eight cities are located in Aichi Prefecture.

Aisai
Ama
Anjō
Chiryū
Chita
Gamagōri
Handa
Hekinan
Ichinomiya
Inazawa
Inuyama
Iwakura
Kariya
Kasugai
Kitanagoya
Kiyosu
Komaki
Kōnan
Miyoshi
Nagakute
Nagoya (capital)
Nishio
Nisshin
Okazaki
Ōbu
Owariasahi
Seto
Shinshiro
Tahara
Takahama
Tokoname
Tōkai
Toyoake
Toyohashi
Toyokawa
Toyota
Tsushima
Yatomi

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Aichi District
Tōgō
Ama District
Kanie
Ōharu
Tobishima
Chita District
Agui
Higashiura
Mihama
Minamichita
Taketoyo
Kitashitara District
Shitara
Tōei
Toyone
Nishikasugai District
Toyoyama
Niwa District
Fusō
Ōguchi
Nukata District
Kōta

Economy

Gross domestic product (2018) is the second in Japan, shipment value of manufactured goods (2018) is the first in Japan, annual product sales(2019) is the third in Japan, and agricultural output (2018) is eighth in Japan. Agriculture industry, and commerce are all ranked high in Japan, and the industrial structure is well-balanced.

Main industry

Automotive industry
Aerospace Industry
Ceramics Industry
Steel, Alloy steel Industry

Companies headquartered in Aichi include the following.
Aichi Steel Tōkai
Aisin Seiki Kariya
Brother Industries, Ltd. Nagoya
Central Japan Railway Company Nagoya
Denso Corporation Kariya
Eisaku Noro Company Ichinomiya
Kanesue Corporation Ichinomiya
Makita Corporation Anjō
Matsuzakaya Nagoya
Mizkan Corporation Handa
Nagoya Railroad Nagoya
Nippon Sharyo Nagoya
Noritake Nagoya
Okuma Corporation Ōguchi
Sumitomo Riko Komaki[5]
Toyota Motor Corporation Toyota

Companies such as Fuji Heavy Industries, Mitsubishi Motors, Pfizer, Sony, Suzuki, Bodycote, and Volkswagen Group also operate plants or branch offices in Aichi.

 

International relations

Sister Autonomous Administrative division

Australia Victoria, Australia – May 2, 1980
China Jiangsu, China – July 28, 1980
Thailand Bangkok, Thailand – July 9, 2012
China Guangdong, China – November 25, 2013
South Korea Gyeonggi Province, South Korea – November 10, 2015
United States Texas, United States – April 22, 2016
Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam – September 13, 2016
United States Washington, United States – October 18, 2016
Belgium Brussels, Flemish Region, Wallonia, Belgium – May 15, 2017
United States Indiana, United States – September 15, 2017
United States Kentucky, United States – October 23, 2017
France Occitanie, France – June 5, 2018
Brazil São Paulo, Brazil – September 10, 2018

Demographics

As of 2001, Aichi Prefecture’s population was 50.03% male and 49.97% female. 139,540 residents (nearly 2% of the population) are of foreign nationality.

Population by age (2001)

Age% population% male% female
0–910.2110.459.96
10–1910.7511.0210.48
20–2915.2315.7114.75
30–3914.8115.3114.30
40–4912.2112.4112.01
50–5915.2215.3115.12
60–6911.3111.2211.41
70–796.766.017.52
Over 803.122.014.23
Unknown0.380.540.23
Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
18901,473,099—    
19031,752,042+1.34%
19132,073,224+1.70%
19202,089,762+0.11%
19252,319,494+2.11%
19302,567,413+2.05%
19352,862,701+2.20%
19403,166,592+2.04%
19452,857,851−2.03%
19503,390,585+3.48%
19553,769,209+2.14%
19604,206,313+2.22%
19654,798,653+2.67%
19705,386,163+2.34%
19755,923,569+1.92%
19806,221,638+0.99%
19856,455,172+0.74%
19906,690,603+0.72%
19956,868,336+0.53%
20007,043,300+0.50%
20057,254,704+0.59%
20107,410,719+0.43%
20157,484,094+0.20%
Source: Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications

Transport

Rail

JR logo (central).svgJR Central
Shinkansen jrc.svgTokaido Shinkansen
■Tokaido Line
■Chūō Main Line
■Kansai Line
■Taketoyo Line
■Iida Line
Meitetsu logomark 2.svgMeitetsu
NH Nagoya Line
IY Inuyama Line
KM Komaki Line
TA Centrair Line
TA Tokoname Line
ST Seto Line
TK Toyokawa Line
GN Gamagori Line
TT Toyota Line
KC Chita Line
MU MY Mikawa Line
TB Bisai Line
CH Chikko Line
TB Tsushima Line
KintetsuLogo.svgKintetsu
E Nagoya Line
Aonami line logo.svgAonami Line
Nagoya Subway Logo (black).svgNagoya Municipal Subway
Nagoya Subway Logo V2 (Higashiyama Line).svgHigashiyama Line
Nagoya Subway Logo V2 (Meijo Line).svgMeijo Line
Nagoya Subway Logo V2 (Tsurumai Line).svgTsurumai Line (connecting to Meitetsu Toyota and Inuyama Line)
Nagoya Subway Logo V2 (Sakura-dori Line).svgSakura-dori Line
Nagoya Subway Logo V2 (Meiko Line).svgMeiko Line
Nagoya Subway Logo V2 (Kamiiida Line).svgKamiiida Line (connecting to Meitetsu Komaki Line)
Toyotetsu logomark.svgToyohashi Railroad
Aikan logomark.svgAichi Loop Line

People movers and tramways

Nagoya Guideway Bus
Linimo
Toyohashi Railroad

Road

Expressways and toll roads

  •  Chuo Expressway
    Higashi-Meihan Expressway(East Meihan Expressway)
    Isewangan Expressway(Ise Bayside Expressway)
    Meishin Expressway
    Mei-Nikan Expressway
    Nagoya Expressway
    Shin-Meishin Expressway
    Shin-Tōmei Expressway
    Tokai-Hokuriku Expressway
    Tomei Expressway
    Chita Peninsula Road
    South Chita Road
    Chubu International Airport Connecting Road
    Chita across Road
    Nagoya Seto Road

National highways

Route 1
Route 19 (Nagoya-Kasugai-Tajimi-Nagiso-Matsumoto-Nagano)
Route 22 (Nagoya-Ichinomiya-Gifu)
Route 23 (Ise-Matsuzaka-Suzuka-Yokkaichi-Nagoya-Toyoake-Chiryu-Gamagori-Toyohashi)
Route 41 (Nagoya-Komaki-Inuyama-Gero-Takayama-Toyama)
Route 42
Route 151
Route 153
Route 154
Route 155 (Tokoname-Chita-Kariya-Toyota-Seto-Kasugai-Komaki-Ichinomiya-Tsushima-Yatomi)
Route 247
Route 248
Route 257 (Hamamatsu-Shinshiro-Toyota-Ena-Nakatsugawa-Gero-Takayama)
Route 259
Route 301
Route 302
Route 362
Route 363
Route 366
Route 419
Route 420
Route 473 (Gamagori-Okazaki-Toyota-Shitara-Hamamatsu)
Route 474
Route 475

Airports

Chubu Centrair International Airport
Nagoya Airfield

Ports

Nagoya Port – International Container hub and ferry route to Sendai and Tomakomai, Hokkaido
Mikawa Port – mainly automobile and car parts export and part of inport base
Kinuura Port – Handa and Hekinan

Education

Universities

National universities

Aichi University of Education
Graduate University for Advanced Studies – Okazaki Campus (National Institute for Basic Biology, Japan, National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Japan)
Nagoya Institute of Technology
Nagoya University
Toyohashi University of Technology

Public universities

Aichi Prefectural University
Aichi Prefectural University of the Arts
Nagoya City University

Private universities

Aichi Bunkyo University
Aichi Gakuin University
Aichi Gakusen University
Aichi Institute of Technology
Aichi Medical University
Aichi Mizuho College
Aichi Sangyo University
Aichi Shukutoku University
Aichi Toho University
Aichi University
Aichi University of Technology
Chubu University
Chukyo University
Daido University
Doho University
Fujita Health University
Globis University Graduate School of Management – Nagoya Campus
Japanese Red Cross Toyota College of Nursing
Kinjo Gakuin University
Meijo University
Nagoya Bunri University
Nagoya College of Music
Nagoya Gakuin University
Nagoya Keizai University
Nagoya Sangyo University
Nagoya University of Arts
Nagoya University of Arts and Sciences
Nagoya University of Commerce & Business
Nagoya University of Foreign Studies
Nagoya Women’s University
Nagoya Zokei University
Nanzan University
Nihon Fukushi University
Ohkagakuen University
Okazaki Women’s Junior College
Seijoh University
Seisa University – Nagoya Schooling Campus
Shigakkan University
Shubun University
Sugiyama Jogakuen University
Tokai Gakuen University
Tokyo University of Social Welfare – Nagoya Campus
Toyohashi Sozo College
Toyota Technological Institute
University of Human Environments

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Aichi.

Baseball

Central League

Chunichi Dragons (Nagoya)

Soccer

J.League

Nagoya Grampus (Nagoya and Toyota)

JFL

FC Maruyasu Okazaki (Okazaki)

Tokai Regional League

FC Kariya (Kariya)

L.League

NGU Loveledge Nagoya (Nagoya)

Basketball

B.League

SAN-EN NeoPhoenix(Toyohashi and Hamamatsu)
SeaHorses Mikawa(Kariya)
Nagoya Diamond Dolphins(Nagoya)
Toyotsu Fighting Eagles Nagoya(Nagoya)
Aisin AW Areions Anjo(Anjō)

Volleyball

V.League

Toyoda Gosei Trefuerza (Inazawa)
JTEKT Stings(Kariya)
Denso Airybees (Nishio)
Toyota Auto Body Queenseis (Kariya)

Rugby

Top League

Toyota Verblitz (Toyota)
Toyota Industries Shuttles(Kariya)

Futsal

F.League

Nagoya Oceans(Nagoya)

Football

X-League

Nagoya Cyclones(Nagoya)
Kirix Toyota Bull Fighters (Toyota)
Aichi Golden Wings (Nagoya and Toyota)

AFL

Nagoya Redbacks Australian Football Club (AFL Japan)(Nagoya)

Tourism

Notable sites in Aichi include the Meiji Mura open-air architectural museum in Inuyama, which preserves historic buildings from Japan’s Meiji and Taishō periods, including the reconstructed lobby of Frank Lloyd Wright’s old Imperial Hotel (which originally stood in Tokyo from 1923 to 1967).

Other popular sites in Aichi include the tour of Toyota car factory in the city by the same name, the monkey park in Inuyama, and the castles in Nagoya, Okazaki, Toyohashi, and Inuyama.

Aichi Prefecture has many wonderful beaches. For example, Himakajima Beach, Shinojima Beach, Akabane Beach and Utsumi Beach.

Notable people from Aichi

Manabu Kubota[citation needed][clarification needed]
F Chopper Koga (Japanese: FチョッパーKOGA, romanized: Efu Choppā Koga), bass player and leader of the rock band Gacharic Spin[citation needed]
Yūki Ishikawa ( 石川祐希, Professional Volleyball Player, Japan National Team, Power Volley Milano Italy Super lega

Festival and events

UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage[7]

Owari Tsushima Tenno Matsuri(Aisai, Tsushima)
Inuyama Festival(Inuyama)
Kamezaki Shiohi Festival(Handa)
Chiryu Festival(Chiryū)
Sunari Festival(Ama District Kanie)

Others

Nagoya Festival(Nagoya City)
Tsutsui-chō/Dekimachi Tennō Festival(Nagoya Higashi-ku)
Miya Festival(Gamagōri)
Toyohama Sea bream Festival(Chita District Minamichita Town)
Okkawa Festival(Handa)
Hōnen Matsuri(Komaki)
Omanto festival(Takahama)
Kōnomiya Hadaka Matsuri(Inazawa)
Tezutsu Matsuri(Toyohashi, Toyokawa)
Nagashino festival(Shinshiro)
Mando festival(Kariya)
Isshiki Lantern Festival(Nishio)
Toba Fire Festival(Nishio)
Owari Tsushima Autumn Festival(Tsushima)

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Prefectures of Japan Fukui

Prefectures of Japan Fukui

Prefectures of Japan Fukui

Fukui Prefecture
福井県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
• Japanese 福井県
• Rōmaji Fukui-ken

Prefectures of Japan Fukui – Profile Photos

Prefectures of Japan Fukui

Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Hokuriku)
Island Honshū
Capital Fukui
Subdivisions Districts: 7, Municipalities: 17
Government
• Governor Tatsuji Sugimoto
Area
• Total 4,190.49 km2 (1,617.96 sq mi)
Area rank 34th
Population (June 1, 2017)
• Total 778,943
• Rank 43rd
• Density 185.95/km2 (481.6/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-18
Website www.pref.fukui.jp/english/
Symbols
Bird Dusky thrush (Turdus naumanni)
Flower Narcissus (Narcissus tazetta)
Tree Pine tree (Pinus)

Prefectures of Japan Fukui

F

ukui Prefecture (福井県, Fukui-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshū.[1] Fukui Prefecture has a population of 778,943 (1 June 2017) and has a geographic area of 4,190 km2 (1,617 sq mi). Fukui Prefecture borders Ishikawa Prefecture to the north, Gifu Prefecture to the east, Shiga Prefecture to the south, and Kyoto Prefecture to the southwest.

Fukui is the capital and largest city of Fukui Prefecture, with other major cities including Sakai, Echizen, and Sabae.[2] Fukui Prefecture is located on the Sea of Japan coast and is part of the historic Hokuriku region of Japan. The Matsudaira clan, a powerful samurai clan during the Edo period that became a component of the Japanese nobility after the Meiji Restoration, was headquartered at Fukui Castle on the site of the modern prefectural offices. Fukui Prefecture is home to the Kitadani Formation, the Ichijōdani Asakura Family Historic Ruins, and the Tōjinbō cliff range.

Prehistory

The Kitadani Dinosaur Quarry, on the Sugiyama River within the city limits of Katsuyama, has yielded animals such As Fukuiraptor, Fukuisaurus, Nipponosaurus, Koshisaurus, Fukuivenator, Fukuititan and Tambatitanis as well as an unnamed dromaeosaurid.

History

Fukui originally consisted of the old provinces of Wakasa and Echizen, before the prefecture was formed in 1871.[3]

During the Edo period, the daimyō of the region was surnamed Matsudaira, and was a descendant of Tokugawa Ieyasu.

During World War II, Fukui was heavily bombed and its palace, Fukui Castle, surrounded by a moat, was demolished. Buildings for the Fukui Prefectural government were built on the site of the castle.

Geography

Fukui faces the Sea of Japan, and has a western part (formerly Wakasa) which is a narrow plain between the mountains and the sea, and a larger eastern part (formerly Echizen) with wider plains including the capital and most of the population. The province lays within Japan’s “Snow country”.

As of 31 March 2008, 15% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Hakusan National Park; Echizen-Kaga Kaigan and Wakasa Wan Quasi-National Parks; and Okuetsu Kōgen Prefectural Natural Park.

Cities

Nine cities are located in Fukui Prefecture:

Economy

Sabae is known for producing 90% of Japan’s domestically-made glasses.
There are several nuclear power plants located along Wakasa Bay in Tsuruga which supply power to the Keihanshin metropolitan region. It has 14 reactors, the most of any prefecture.

Demographics

Fukui is one of the less populated prefectures of Japan; in September 2015 there were an estimated 785,508 people living in 281,394 households.[6] As seen in most of Japan, Fukui is facing the problem of both an aging and decreasing population; 28.6% of the population were over the age of 65 in July 2015[6] and the population has decreased 2.6% from the 806,000 measured in the October 2010 national census.

Culture

Ichijōdani Asakura Family Historic Ruins is one of the most important cultural heritage sites in Japan.
Eihei-ji is a temple offering training and education to Buddhist monks. Founded by Dogen Zenji in 1244, Eiheiji is located on a plot of land covering about 33 hectares.
Myōtsū-ji’s Three-storied Pagoda and Main Hall are National Treasures of Japan.
Fukui is home to Maruoka Castle, the oldest standing castle in Japan. It was built in 1576.
Many dinosaur fossils have been excavated in Fukui and they can be seen at the Fukui Prefectural Dinosaur Museum.
Residents of Fukui Prefecture have a distinctive accent, Fukui-ben.
Fukui has long been a center for papermaking in Japan (along with Kyoto). Its Echizen Papermaking Cooperative is a world-famous collection of papermakers making paper in the traditional Echizen style.
Fukui is also renowned for its clean water and crops, which result in delicious sake, rice, and soba noodles.[citation needed]
In August 2010 Fukui launched its own dating website entitled Fukui Marriage-Hunting Café in hopes of helping the declining population growth of Japan increase. Couples who meet in the site and continue on to marry receive monetary aid from the government as well as gifts.

Friendship cities

Vihti, Finland
Germany Winsen (Luhe), Germany

Education

University

Fukui University
Fukui University of Technology
Fukui Prefectural University
Jin-ai University

Transportation

Railroad

JR West
Hokuriku Line
Obama Line
Kuzuryu Line
Echizen Railway
Katsuyama-Eiheiji Line
Mikuni-Awara Line
Fukui Railway
Fukubu Line

Road

Expressway and Toll Road

Hokuriku Expressway
Maizuru-Wakasa Expressway
Chubu Jukan Expressway
Mikata Lake Rainbow Road
Mount Hoonji Toll Road

National Highway

Route 8
Route 27
Route 157
Route 158
Route 161
Route 162
Route 303
Route 305
Route 364
Route 365
Route 367
Route 416
Route 417
Route 418
Route 476

Port

Tsuruga Port – Ferry route to Niigata, Akita, Tomakomai, Otaru and International container hub
Fukui Port

Tourism

Ichijōdani Asakura Family Historic Ruins
Eihei-ji Temple
Tōjinbō, a scenic piece of coastline, which is also a notorious spot for suicide.
Echizen crabs are a local delicacy available year-round, though the crabbing season is during the winter.
Another traditional sea-side Fukui dish is genge, a small guppy-like fish that when eaten raw as sashimi, gives the body a brief tingling sensation.
Awara is a famous onsen in the north of the prefecture.
Takefu Chrysanthemum Character Doll Exhibition, held in Takefu Central Park on every October to November, first held on 1952.

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Prefectures of Japan Gifu

Prefectures of Japan Gifu

Prefectures of Japan Gifu

Gifu Prefecture
岐阜県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
• Japanese 岐阜県
• Rōmaji Gifu-ken

Prefectures of Japan Gifu – Profile Photos

Prefectures of Japan Gifu

Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Island Honshu
Capital Gifu
Subdivisions Districts: 9, Municipalities: 42
Government
• Governor Hajime Furuta
Area
• Total 10,621.29 km2 (4,100.90 sq mi)
Area rank 7th
Population (June 1, 2019)
• Total 1,991,390
• Rank 17th
• Density 190/km2 (490/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-21
Website www.pref.gifu.lg.jp/English
Symbols
Bird Rock ptarmigan
(Lagopus muta)
Fish Ayu
(Plecoglossus altivelis)
Flower Chinese milk vetch
(Astragalus sinicus)
Tree Japanese yew
(Taxus cuspidata)

Prefectures of Japan Gifu

Gifu Prefecture (岐阜県, Gifu-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshu.[1]: 246 [2]: 126  Gifu Prefecture has a population of 1,991,390 (as of 1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 10,621 square kilometres (4,101 sq mi). Gifu Prefecture borders Toyama Prefecture to the north; Ishikawa Prefecture to the northwest, Fukui Prefecture and Shiga Prefecture to the west, Mie Prefecture to the southwest, Aichi Prefecture to the south, and Nagano Prefecture to the east.

Gifu is the capital and largest city of Gifu Prefecture, with other major cities including Ōgaki, Kakamigahara, and Tajimi.[3]: 246

Gifu Prefecture is located in the center of Japan, one of only eight landlocked prefectures, and features the country’s center of population. Gifu Prefecture has served as the historic crossroads of Japan with routes connecting the east to the west, including the Nakasendō, one of the Five Routes of the Edo Period. Gifu Prefecture was a long-term residence of Oda Nobunaga and Saitō Dōsan, two influential figures of Japanese history in the Sengoku period, spawning the popular phrase of “control Gifu and you control Japan” in the late Medieval era.[4] Gifu Prefecture is known for its traditional Washi paper industry, including Gifu Lanterns and Gifu Umbrellas, and as a center for the Japanese swordsmithing and cutlery industries. Gifu Prefecture is home to Gifu Castle, the 1,300-year-old tradition of Cormorant fishing on the Nagara River, and the site of the Battle of Sekigahara.

History

The land area that makes up modern-day Gifu became part of the Yamato Court around the middle of the fourth century. Because it is in the middle of the island of Honshū, it has been the site of many decisive battles throughout Japan’s history, the oldest major one being the Jinshin War in 672, which led to the establishment of Emperor Tenmu as the 40th emperor of Japan.

The area of Gifu Prefecture consists of the old provinces of Hida and Mino, as well as smaller parts of Echizen and Shinano.[5] The name of the prefecture derives from its capital city, Gifu, which was named by Oda Nobunaga during his campaign to unify all of Japan in 1567.[6] The first character used comes from Qishan (岐山), a legendary mountain from which most of China was unified, whereas the second character comes from Qufu (曲阜), the birthplace of Confucius.[7] Nobunaga chose those characters because he wanted to unify all of Japan and he wanted to be viewed as a great mind.

Historically, the prefecture served as the center of swordmaking for the whole of Japan, with Seki being known for making the best swords in Japan. More recently, its strengths have been in fashion (primarily in the city of Gifu) and aerospace engineering (Kakamigahara).

On October 28, 1891, the present-day city of Motosu was the epicenter for the Mino–Owari earthquake, the second largest earthquake to ever hit Japan.[8] The earthquake, estimated at 8.0 (surface wave magnitude), left a fault scarp that can still be seen today.

Geography

One of the few landlocked prefectures in Japan, Gifu shares borders with seven other prefectures: Toyama, Ishikawa, Fukui, Shiga, Mie, Aichi, and Nagano. Japan’s postal codes all start with a three-digit number, ranging from 001 to 999. Part of Gifu has the 500 prefix, reflecting its location in the center of Japan. The center of Japanese population is currently located in Seki City, Gifu Prefecture. The center of population is a hypothetical point at which a country is perfectly balanced assuming each person has a uniform weight. The spot was calculated using the 2005 census.

As of 31 March 2019, 18 percent of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Hakusan and Chūbu-Sangaku National Parks, Hida-Kisogawa and Ibi-Sekigahara-Yōrō Quasi-National Parks, and fifteen Prefectural Natural Parks.

Regions

Gifu has five unofficial regions, which allows local municipalities to work together to promote the surrounding area. The five regions are Seinō,[10] Gifu,[11] Chūnō,[12] Tōnō[13] and Hida.[14] The borders of the regions are loosely defined, but they are usually delineated among major cities.

Topography

The northern Hida region is dominated by tall mountains, including parts of the Japanese Alps. The southern Mino region is mostly parts of the fertile Nōbi Plain, a vast plains area with arable soil. Most of the prefecture’s population lives in the southern part of the prefecture, near the designated city of Nagoya.

The mountainous Hida region contains the Hida Mountains, which are referred to as the “Northern Alps” in Japan. The Ryōhaku Mountains are also in the Hida region. Other major ranges include the Ibuki Mountains and the Yōrō Mountains.

Much of the Mino region is made up of the alluvial plain of the Kiso Three Rivers, which are the Kiso River, Nagara River and Ibi River. The sources of Kiso river is in Nagano prefecture, and those of the others are in Gifu prefecture. They eventually run through Aichi and Mie prefectures before emptying into Ise Bay. Other major rivers in the prefecture include the Miya, Takahara, Shō, Toki (Shōnai), Yahagi and Itoshiro rivers.

Climate

The northern Hida region is dominated by tall mountains, including parts of the Japanese Alps. The southern Mino region is mostly parts of the fertile Nōbi Plain, a vast plains area with arable soil. Most of the prefecture’s population lives in the southern part of the prefecture, near the designated city of Nagoya.

The mountainous Hida region contains the Hida Mountains, which are referred to as the “Northern Alps” in Japan. The Ryōhaku Mountains are also in the Hida region. Other major ranges include the Ibuki Mountains and the Yōrō Mountains.

Much of the Mino region is made up of the alluvial plain of the Kiso Three Rivers, which are the Kiso River, Nagara River and Ibi River. The sources of Kiso river is in Nagano prefecture, and those of the others are in Gifu prefecture. They eventually run through Aichi and Mie prefectures before emptying into Ise Bay. Other major rivers in the prefecture include the Miya, Takahara, Shō, Toki (Shōnai), Yahagi and Itoshiro rivers.

Municipalities

All of the cities, towns, villages and districts of Gifu Prefecture are listed below.

Cities

Twenty-one cities are located in Gifu Prefecture:

Gifu – (the capital city of the prefecture)

Ena
Gero
Gujō
Hashima
Hida
Kaizu
Kakamigahara
Kani
Mino
Minokamo
Mizuho
Mizunami
Motosu
Nakatsugawa
Ōgaki
Seki
Tajimi
Takayama
Toki
Yamagata

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Anpachi District
Anpachi
Gōdo
Wanouchi
Fuwa District
Sekigahara
Tarui
Hashima District
Ginan
Kasamatsu
Ibi District
Ibigawa
Ikeda
Ōno
Kamo District
Hichisō
Higashishirakawa
Kawabe
Sakahogi
Shirakawa
Tomika
Yaotsu
Kani District
Mitake
Motosu District
Kitagata
Ōno District
Shirakawa
Yōrō District
Yōrō

Economy

Traditional industries such as paper-making and agriculture are found in Gifu, but its economy is dominated by manufacturing including aerospace and automotive, with industrial complexes extending from the Nagoya area. A wealth of small component manufacturing is also found, such as precision machine, dye and mold making, and plastic forming.

Traditional industries

Gifu is famous for cormorant fishing, which has a history of over 1,300 years. Agriculture is also a major industry because of Gifu’s vast, arable plains. The forests in the north provide materials for woodworking and for the viewing boats used in cormorant fishing.

The Mino region has long been known for its high-quality paper called Mino washi, which is stronger and thinner than most other papers in Japan, and was used by the Japanese military during World War II.[22] Other paper-based products include Gifu Lanterns and Gifu Umbrellas, made in the prefectural capital of Gifu. Other traditional goods include mino-yaki pottery in Tajimi, Toki, and Mizunami, cutlery in Seki, and lacquerware in Takayama. Sake is often brewed with clear water from the rivers.

Modern industries

Kakamigahara has a large role in the prefecture’s modern industries. It boasts large aerospace facilities of both Kawasaki Heavy Industries and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, as well as many metalworking and manufacturing companies.

Information technology (IT) is gaining a foothold in the prefecture with both Softopia Japan in Ōgaki and VR Techno Japan (part of Techno Plaza) in Kakamigahara. The capital city of Gifu, located between Ōgaki and Kakamigahara, is also working to strengthen its IT fields, too.

Tourism

Gifu has many popular tourist attractions, bringing visitors to all parts of the prefecture. The most popular places are Gifu, Gero, Shirakawa and Takayama. Gero is known for its relaxing hot springs, which attract visitors throughout the year. Shirakawa’s historic villages are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Takayama is famous for retaining its original appearance and is often referred to as Little Kyoto.

In addition to international tourists, Gifu also plays host to many international events. The World Event and Convention Complex Gifu is available for many types of events. Other areas of Gifu, too, bring international events. The World Rowing Championships were held in the city of Kaizu in 2005. The FIS Snowboard World Cup was held in the city of Gujo in 2008. The APEC Japan 2010 SME Ministerial Meetings were held in Gifu City.

Science

The Kamioka area of the city of Hida is home to the Kamioka Observatory underground laboratory. Located 1,000 m (3,281 ft) underground in Kamioka Mining and Smelting Co.’s Mozumi Mine, the Super-Kamiokande experiment searches for neutrinos from the high atmosphere, the sun and supernovae, while the KamLAND experiment searches for antineutrinos from regional nuclear reactors. The Super-Kamiokande consists of a cylindrical stainless steel tank that is 41.4 m (136 ft) tall and 39.3 m (129 ft) in diameter holding 50,000 tons of ultra-pure water. Some of the 11,146 photomultiplier tubes are on display at the Miraikan in Tokyo. The same facility also hosts the CLIO prototype and KAGRA gravitational wave detector.

 

Demographics

The prefecture’s population was 2,101,969, as of 1 September 2007, with approximately 1.8 million people in the cities and the rest in towns and villages.[23] The percentage of male and female residents is 48.4% and 51.6%, respectively.[23] 14.4% of the population is no more than 14 years old, with 22.1% of the population being at least 65 years old.[23]

According to Japan’s census, the country’s center of population is located in Gifu Prefecture. In 2000, it was located in the former town of Mugi, which has since merged with Seki. In the most recent census in 2005, the center of population has moved slightly more to the east, but is still located within Gifu.

Education

Asahi University
Chubu Gakuin University
Chukyo Gakuin University
Gifu City Women’s College
Gifu College of Nursing
Gifu Keizai University
Gifu Pharmaceutical University
Gifu Shotoku Gakuen University
Gifu University
Gifu University of Medical Science
Gifu Women’s University
Institute of Advanced Media Arts and Sciences
Tokai Gakuin University

Transportation

Rail

JR Central
Tokaido Shinkansen – Gifu-Hashima Station
Tokaido Line
Takayama Line
Chuo Line
Taita Line
Meitetsu
Nagoya Line
Kakamigahara Line
Hashima Line
Takehana Line
Hiromi Line
Inuyama Line
Yoro Railway
Nagaragawa Railway
Tarumi Railway
Akechi Railway

Road

Expressway and toll roads

Meishin Expressway
Chuo Expressway
Tokai Hokuriku Expressway
Tokai Loop Expressway
Chubu Jukan Expressway
Hakusan Forest Road
Mount Ibuki Toll Road
Nagaragawa Riversideway

National highways

Route 19
Route 21
Route 22
Route 41
Route 156
Route 157
Route 158
Route 248
Route 256
Route 257
Route 258
Route 303
Route 360
Route 361
Route 363
Route 365
Route 417
Route 418
Route 419
Route 471
Route 472
Route 475

 

Prefectural symbols

Gifu’s symbol comes from the first character gi (岐) of its Japanese name, written in a stylized script, surrounded by a circle, which represents the peace and harmony of the prefectural citizen. It was chosen by contest in 1932.[24]

The prefectural logo (see right) expands from the red dot into the center to the outer two lines and, finally, the yellow plain. This symbol was chosen in 1991 for the development and expansion of the prefecture.[24]

The prefecture also has two plants (the milk vetch and the Japanese yew) and two animals (the snow grouse and the ayu) as symbols. The milk vetch was chosen in 1954, because the prefecture is well known for its abundance of blooming milk vetch each spring. The yew was chosen in 1966, because it is the tree used to make ornamental scepters for the emperor, many of which came from the Hida district. The snow grouse was chosen in 1961, as the birds live up in the Japanese alps and is a nationally protected species. Ayu were chosen in 1989, because the fish is found in many prefectural rivers and is prized for its sweet taste.

Notable people

Chie Aoki, sculptor
Chiune Sugihara, diplomat
Junji Ito, mangaka
Tsuyoshi Makino, author and social activist
Teiji Takagi, mathematician

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Prefectures of Japan Ishikawa

Prefectures of Japan Ishikawa

Prefectures of Japan Ishikawa

Ishikawa Prefecture
石川県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
• Japanese 石川県
• Rōmaji Ishikawa-ken

Prefectures of Japan Ishikawa – Profile Photos