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Aichi Prefecture

Aichi Prefecture (愛知県, Aichi-ken, Japanese pronunciation: [aitɕi̥ꜜkeɴ])
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Aichi Prefecture

Prefectures of Japan Aichi

Is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshū.[1](pp11,126) Aichi Prefecture has a population of 7,552,873 (as of 1 October 2019) and a geographic area of 5,172.92 square kilometres (1,997.28 sq mi) with a population density of 1,460 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,800/sq mi). Aichi Prefecture borders Mie Prefecture to the west, Gifu Prefecture and Nagano Prefecture to the north, and Shizuoka Prefecture to the east.

Nagoya is the capital and largest city of Aichi Prefecture, and the fourth-largest city in Japan, with other major cities including Toyota, Okazaki, and Ichinomiya. Aichi Prefecture and Nagoya form the core of the Chūkyō metropolitan area, the third-largest metropolitan area in Japan and one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world.[1](p685) Aichi Prefecture is located on Japan’s Pacific Ocean coast and forms part of the Tōkai region, a subregion of the Chūbu region and Kansai region. Aichi Prefecture is home to the Toyota Motor Corporation, the world’s largest automotive manufacturer, the largest listed company in Japan by market capitalization, and sixth-largest company in the world by revenue, with its headquarters in the city of Toyota. Aichi Prefecture features the Higashiyama Zoo and Botanical Gardens, Chubu Centrair International Airport, and Legoland Japan Resort.

Aichi Prefecture

 

愛知県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 愛知県
 • Rōmaji Aichi-ken
 

Flag of Aichi Prefecture

Flag

Official logo of Aichi Prefecture

Symbol

osm

 
Location of Aichi Prefecture
Coordinates: 17px WMA button2b35°10′43″N 136°54′50″ECoordinates: 17px WMA button2b35°10′43″N 136°54′50″E
Country 23px Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Island Honshu
Capital Nagoya
Subdivisions Districts: 7, Municipalities: 54

Government

 
 • Governor Hideaki Ōmura (since February 2011)

Area

 
 • Total 5,172.92 km2 (1,997.28 sq mi)
Area rank 27th

Population

 (1 October 2019)
 • Total 7,552,873
 • Rank 4th
 • Density 1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-23
Website www.pref.aichi.jp/global/en/index.html
 
Symbols
Bird Oriental scops owl (Otus sunia japonicus)
Fish Kuruma prawn (Penaeus japonicus)
Flower Kakitsubata (Iris laevigata)
Tree Hananoki (Acer pycnanthum)

History

Prefectures of Japan Aichi

See also: Historic Sites of Aichi Prefecture

Originally, the region was divided into the three hundred provinces of Owari and Mikawa.[1](p780) After the Meiji Restoration, Owari and Mikawa were united into a single entity. In 1871, after the abolition of the han system, Owari, with the exception of the Chita Peninsula, was established as Nagoya Prefecture, while Mikawa combined with the Chita Peninsula and formed Nukata Prefecture. Nagoya Prefecture was renamed to Aichi Prefecture in April 1872, and was united with Nukata Prefecture on November 27 of the same year.

The government of Aichi Prefecture is located in the Aichi Prefectural Government Office in Nagoya, which is the old capital of Owari. The Aichi Prefectural Police and its predecessor organisations have been responsible for law enforcement in the prefecture since 1871.

The Expo 2005 World Exposition was held in Seto and Nagakute.

Etymology

In the third volume of the Man’yōshū there is a poem by Takechi Kurohito that reads: “The cry of the crane, calling to Sakurada; it sounds like the tide, draining from Ayuchi flats, hearing the crane cry”. Ayuchi is the original form of the name Aichi, and the Fujimae tidal flat is all that remains of the earlier Ayuchi-gata. It is now a protected area.[2][3]

For a time, an Aichi Station existed on the Kansai Line (at the time the Kansai Railway) between Nagoya and Hatta stations, but its role was overtaken by Sasashima-raibu Station on the Aonami Line and Komeno Station on the Kintetsu Nagoya Line.

Geography

Located near the center of the Japanese main island of Honshu, Aichi Prefecture faces the Ise and Mikawa Bays to the south and borders Shizuoka Prefecture to the east, Nagano Prefecture to the northeast, Gifu Prefecture to the north, and Mie Prefecture to the west. It measures 106 km (66 mi) east to west and 94 km (58 mi) south to north and forms a major portion of the Nōbi Plain. With an area of 5,172.48 square kilometres (1,997.11 sq mi) it accounts for approximately 1.36% of the total surface area of Japan. The highest spot is Chausuyama at 1,415 m (4,642 ft) above sea level.

The western part of the prefecture is dominated by Nagoya, Japan’s third largest city, and its suburbs, while the eastern part is less densely populated but still contains several major industrial centers. Due to its robust economy, for the period from October 2005 to October 2006, Aichi was the fastest growing prefecture in terms of population, beating Tokyo, at 7.4% and around with after Saitama Prefecture.

As of 1 April 2012, 23% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Aichi Kōgen, Hida-Kisogawa, Mikawa Wan, and Tenryū-Okumikawa Quasi-National Parks along with seven Prefectural Natural Parks.[4]

Cities

See also: List of cities in Aichi Prefecture by population

Thirty-eight cities are located in Aichi Prefecture.

Aisai
Ama
Anjō
Chiryū
Chita
Gamagōri
Handa
Hekinan
Ichinomiya
Inazawa
Inuyama
Iwakura
Kariya
Kasugai
Kitanagoya
Kiyosu
Komaki
Kōnan
Miyoshi
Nagakute
Nagoya (capital)
Nishio
Nisshin
Okazaki
Ōbu
Owariasahi
Seto
Shinshiro
Tahara
Takahama
Tokoname
Tōkai
Toyoake
Toyohashi
Toyokawa
Toyota
Tsushima
Yatomi

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Aichi District
Tōgō
Ama District
Kanie
Ōharu
Tobishima
Chita District
Agui
Higashiura
Mihama
Minamichita
Taketoyo
Kitashitara District
Shitara
Tōei
Toyone
Nishikasugai District
Toyoyama
Niwa District
Fusō
Ōguchi
Nukata District
Kōta

Economy
Chūkyō Metropolitan Area

Companies headquartered in Aichi include the following.
Aisin Seiki Kariya
Brother Industries, Ltd. Nagoya
Central Japan Railway Company Nagoya
Denso Corporation Kariya
Eisaku Noro Company Ichinomiya
Makita Corporation Anjō
Matsuzakaya Nagoya
Nagoya Railroad Nagoya
Nippon Sharyo Nagoya
Noritake Nagoya
Sumitomo Riko Komaki[5]Toyota Motor Corporation Toyota

Companies such as Fuji Heavy Industries, Mitsubishi Motors, Pfizer, Sony, Suzuki, Bodycote, and Volkswagen Group also operate plants or branch offices in Aichi.

International relations

Sister Autonomous Administrative division

Australia Victoria, Australia – May 2, 1980
China Jiangsu, China – July 28, 1980
Thailand Bangkok, Thailand – July 9, 2012
China Guangdong, China – November 25, 2013
South Korea Gyeonggi Province, South Korea – November 10, 2015
United States Texas, United States – April 22, 2016
Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam – September 13, 2016
United States Washington, United States – October 18, 2016
Belgium Brussels, Flemish Region, Wallonia, Belgium – May 15, 2017
United States Indiana, United States – September 15, 2017
United States Kentucky, United States – October 23, 2017
France Occitanie, France – June 5, 2018
Brazil São Paulo, Brazil – September 10, 2018

Demographics

Population by age (2001)
Age % population % male % female
0–9 10.21 10.45 9.96
10–19 10.75 11.02 10.48
20–29 15.23 15.71 14.75
30–39 14.81 15.31 14.30
40–49 12.21 12.41 12.01
50–59 15.22 15.31 15.12
60–69 11.31 11.22 11.41
70–79 6.76 6.01 7.52
Over 80 3.12 2.01 4.23
Unknown 0.38 0.54 0.23

Historical populationYear Pop. ±% p.a.
1890 1,473,099 —
1903 1,752,042 +1.34%
1913 2,073,224 +1.70%
1920 2,089,762 +0.11%
1925 2,319,494 +2.11%
1930 2,567,413 +2.05%
1935 2,862,701 +2.20%
1940 3,166,592 +2.04%
1945 2,857,851 −2.03%
1950 3,390,585 +3.48%
1955 3,769,209 +2.14%
1960 4,206,313 +2.22%
1965 4,798,653 +2.67%
1970 5,386,163 +2.34%
1975 5,923,569 +1.92%
1980 6,221,638 +0.99%
1985 6,455,172 +0.74%
1990 6,690,603 +0.72%
1995 6,868,336 +0.53%
2000 7,043,300 +0.50%
2005 7,254,704 +0.59%
2010 7,410,719 +0.43%
2015 7,484,094 +0.20%
Source: Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications[6

Transport

Rail

JR logo (central).svgJR Central
Shinkansen jrc.svgTokaido Shinkansen
■Tokaido Line
■Chūō Main Line
■Kansai Line
■Taketoyo Line
■Iida Line
Meitetsu logomark 2.svgMeitetsu
NH Nagoya Line
IY Inuyama Line
KM Komaki Line
TA Centrair Line
TA Tokoname Line
ST Seto Line
TK Toyokawa Line
GN Gamagori Line
TT Toyota Line
KC Chita Line
MU MY Mikawa Line
TB Bisai Line
CH Chikko Line
TB Tsushima Line
KintetsuLogo.svgKintetsu
E Nagoya Line
Aonami line logo.svgAonami Line
Nagoya Subway Logo (black).svgNagoya Municipal Subway
Nagoya Subway Logo V2 (Higashiyama Line).svgHigashiyama Line
Nagoya Subway Logo V2 (Meijo Line).svgMeijo Line
Nagoya Subway Logo V2 (Tsurumai Line).svgTsurumai Line (connecting to Meitetsu Toyota and Inuyama Line)
Nagoya Subway Logo V2 (Sakura-dori Line).svgSakura-dori Line
Nagoya Subway Logo V2 (Meiko Line).svgMeiko Line
Nagoya Subway Logo V2 (Kamiiida Line).svgKamiiida Line (connecting to Meitetsu Komaki Line)
Toyotetsu logomark.svgToyohashi Railroad
Aikan logomark.svgAichi Loop Line

People movers and tramways

Nagoya Guideway Bus
Linimo
Toyohashi Railroad

Road

Expressways and toll roads

Chuo Expressway
Higashi-Meihan Expressway(East Meihan Expressway)
Isewangan Expressway(Ise Bayside Expressway)
Meishin Expressway
Mei-Nikan Expressway
Nagoya Expressway
Shin-Meishin Expressway
Shin-Tōmei Expressway
Tokai-Hokuriku Expressway
Tomei Expressway
Chita Peninsula Road
South Chita Road
Chubu International Airport Connecting Road
Chita across Road
Nagoya Seto Road

National highways

Route 1
Route 19 (Nagoya-Kasugai-Tajimi-Nagiso-Matsumoto-Nagano)
Route 22 (Nagoya-Ichinomiya-Gifu)
Route 23 (Ise-Matsuzaka-Suzuka-Yokkaichi-Nagoya-Toyoake-Chiryu-Gamagori-Toyohashi)
Route 41 (Nagoya-Komaki-Inuyama-Gero-Takayama-Toyama)
Route 42
Route 151
Route 153
Route 154
Route 155 (Tokoname-Chita-Kariya-Toyota-Seto-Kasugai-Komaki-Ichinomiya-Tsushima-Yatomi)
Route 247
Route 248
Route 257 (Hamamatsu-Shinshiro-Toyota-Ena-Nakatsugawa-Gero-Takayama)
Route 259
Route 301
Route 302
Route 362
Route 363
Route 366
Route 419
Route 420
Route 473 (Gamagori-Okazaki-Toyota-Shitara-Hamamatsu)
Route 474
Route 475

Airports

Chubu Centrair International Airport
Nagoya Airfield

Ports

Nagoya Port – International Container hub and ferry route to Sendai and Tomakomai, Hokkaido
Mikawa Port – mainly automobile and car parts export and part of inport base
Kinuura Port – Handa and Hekinan

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Education
Universities

National universities

Aichi University of Education
Graduate University for Advanced Studies – Okazaki Campus (National Institute for Basic Biology, Japan, National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Japan)
Nagoya Institute of Technology
Nagoya University
Toyohashi University of Technology

Public universities

Aichi Prefectural University
Aichi Prefectural University of the Arts
Nagoya City University

Private universities

Aichi Bunkyo University
Aichi Gakuin University
Aichi Gakusen University
Aichi Institute of Technology
Aichi Medical University
Aichi Mizuho College
Aichi Sangyo University
Aichi Shukutoku University
Aichi Toho University
Aichi University
Aichi University of Technology
Chubu University
Chukyo University
Daido University
Doho University
Fujita Health University
Globis University Graduate School of Management – Nagoya Campus
Japanese Red Cross Toyota College of Nursing
Kinjo Gakuin University
Meijo University
Nagoya Bunri University
Nagoya College of Music
Nagoya Gakuin University
Nagoya Keizai University
Nagoya Sangyo University
Nagoya University of Arts
Nagoya University of Arts and Sciences
Nagoya University of Commerce & Business
Nagoya University of Foreign Studies
Nagoya Women’s University
Nagoya Zokei University
Nanzan University
Nihon Fukushi University
Ohkagakuen University
Okazaki Women’s Junior College
Seijoh University
Seisa University – Nagoya Schooling Campus
Shigakkan University
Shubun University
Sugiyama Jogakuen University
Tokai Gakuen University
Tokyo University of Social Welfare – Nagoya Campus
Toyohashi Sozo College
Toyota Technological Institute
University of Human Environments

Sports

he sports teams listed below are based in Aichi.
Baseball

Central League

Chunichi Dragons (Nagoya)

Soccer

J.League

Nagoya Grampus (Nagoya and Toyota)

JFL

FC Maruyasu Okazaki (Okazaki)

Tokai Regional League

FC Kariya (Kariya)

L.League

NGU Loveledge Nagoya (Nagoya)

Basketball

B.League

SAN-EN NeoPhoenix(Toyohashi and Hamamatsu)
SeaHorses Mikawa(Kariya)
Nagoya Diamond Dolphins(Nagoya)
Toyotsu Fighting Eagles Nagoya(Nagoya)
Aisin AW Areions Anjo(Anjō)

Volleyball

V.League

Toyoda Gosei Trefuerza (Inazawa)
JTEKT Stings(Kariya)
Denso Airybees (Nishio)
Toyota Auto Body Queenseis (Kariya)

Rugby

Top League

Toyota Verblitz (Toyota)
Toyota Industries Shuttles(Kariya)

Futsal

F.League

Nagoya Oceans(Nagoya)

Football

X-League

Nagoya Cyclones(Nagoya)
Kirix Toyota Bull Fighters (Toyota)
Aichi Golden Wings (Nagoya and Toyota)

AFL

Nagoya Redbacks Australian Football Club (AFL Japan)(Nagoya)

Tourism

Notable sites in Aichi include the Meiji Mura open-air architectural museum in Inuyama, which preserves historic buildings from Japan’s Meiji and Taishō periods, including the reconstructed lobby of Frank Lloyd Wright’s old Imperial Hotel (which originally stood in Tokyo from 1923 to 1967).

Other popular sites in Aichi include the tour of the Toyota car factory in the city by the same name, the monkey park in Inuyama, and the castles in Nagoya, Okazaki, Toyohashi, and Inuyama.

Aichi Prefecture has many wonderful beaches. For example, Himakajima Beach, Shinojima Beach, Akabane Beach, Utsumi Beach.

 

Festival and events

UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage[7]

Owari Tsushima Tenno Matsuri(Aisai, Tsushima)
Inuyama Festival(Inuyama)
Kamezaki Shiohi Festival(Handa)
Chiryu Festival(Chiryū)
Sunari Festival(Ama DistrictKanie)

Others

Nagoya Festival(Nagoya City)
Tsutsui-chō/Dekimachi Tennō Festival(Nagoya Higashi-ku)
Miya Festival(Gamagōri)
Toyohama Sea bream Festival(Chita District Minamichita Town)
Okkawa Festival(Handa)
Hōnen Matsuri(Komaki)
Omanto festival(Takahama)
Kōnomiya Hadaka Matsuri(Inazawa)
Tezutsu Matsuri(Toyohashi, Toyokawa)
Nagashino festival(Shinshiro)
Mando festival(Kariya)
Isshiki Lantern Festival(Nishio)
Toba Fire Festival(Nishio)
Owari Tsushima Autumn Festival(Tsushima)

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