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Prefectures of Japan Ehime

Prefectures of Japan Ehime

Prefectures of Japan Ehime

Hiroshima Prefecture (広島県, Hiroshima-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region of Honshu.[1] Hiroshima Prefecture has a population of 2,811,410 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 8,479 km² (3,274 sq mi). Hiroshima Prefecture borders Okayama Prefecture to the east, Tottori Prefecture to the northeast, Shimane Prefecture to the north, and Yamaguchi Prefecture to the southwest.

Hiroshima is the capital and largest city of Hiroshima Prefecture, and the largest city in the Chūgoku region, with other major cities including Fukuyama, Kure, and Higashihiroshima.[2] Hiroshima Prefecture is located on the Seto Inland Sea across from the island of Shikoku, and is bounded to the north by the Chūgoku Mountains. Hiroshima Prefecture is one of the three prefectures of Japan with more than one UNESCO World Heritage Site.

History

The area around Hiroshima was formerly divided into Bingo Province and Aki Province.[3] This location has been a center of trade and culture since the beginning of Japan’s recorded history. Hiroshima is a traditional center of the Chūgoku region and was the seat of the Mōri clan until the Battle of Sekigahara.

Together with Nara and Tokyo, Hiroshima is one of the three prefectures with more than one UNESCO World Heritage Site. The two such sites in Hiroshima Prefecture are:

The Atomic Dome in Hiroshima, one of the few remnants of prewar Hiroshima following the atomic bombing in 1945;
The Itsukushima Shrine in Miyajima, famed for filling with water and appearing to “float” during high tide.

Geography

Hiroshima prefecture lies in the middle of Japan . Most of the prefecture consists of mountains leading towards Shimane Prefecture; and rivers produce rich plains near the coast.

The province faces Shikoku across the Seto Inland Sea. Hiroshima Bay opens on the Inland Sea.[4] The prefecture also includes many small islands.

The sheltered nature of the Inland Sea makes Hiroshima’s climate very mild.

As of 1 April 2014, 4% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks (the lowest percentage of any prefecture), namely Setonaikai National Park; Hiba-Dōgo-Taishaku and Nishi-Chūgoku Sanchi Quasi-National Parks; and six Prefectural Natural Parks.

Cities

Fourteen cities are located in Hiroshima Prefecture:

Economy

Hiroshima’s main industries include automobiles (Mazda is headquartered there) and tourism in two World Heritage Sites: the A-Bomb dome and Itsukushima Shrine.

Components of the economy are primary industry, secondary industry, and tertiary industry, which compose 0.6%, 32.6%, and 66.2% in 2015. There is 0.6% of unclassified production.[7]

Value of production of manufacturing is 10,343 billion yen in 2016, which is the 10th largest in Japan. After 2012, production of manufacturing is continuously increasing in 2015.

Education

University

Elisabeth University of Music
Fukuyama City University
Fukuyama Heisei University
Fukuyama University
Hijiyama University
Hiroshima Bunka Gakuen University
Hiroshima Bunkyo Women’s University
Hiroshima City University
Hiroshima Institute of Technology
Hiroshima Jogakuin University
Hiroshima Kokusai Gakuin University
Hiroshima Shudo University
Hiroshima University of Economics
Hiroshima University
Japan Coast Guard Academy
Onomichi City University
Prefectural University of Hiroshima
Yasuda Women’s University

Religion

Similar to the rest of Japan, most people in the Hiroshima Prefecture are Shinto or Buddhist. in 1996 51.2% of the population was Buddhist, 2 were affiliated with Shinto Sects, 44.8% practiced Folk Shinto, and 2% were Christian.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1890 1,319,507 —    
1903 1,508,713 +1.04%
1913 1,691,699 +1.15%
1920 1,541,905 −1.32%
1925 1,617,680 +0.96%
1930 1,692,136 +0.90%
1935 1,804,916 +1.30%
1940 1,869,504 +0.71%
1945 1,885,471 +0.17%
1950 2,081,967 +2.00%
1955 2,149,044 +0.64%
1960 2,184,043 +0.32%
1965 2,281,146 +0.87%
1970 2,436,135 +1.32%
1975 2,646,324 +1.67%
1980 2,739,161 +0.69%
1985 2,819,200 +0.58%
1990 2,849,847 +0.22%
1995 2,881,748 +0.22%
2000 2,878,915 −0.02%
2005 2,876,642 −0.02%
2010 2,860,750 −0.11%
2015 2,844,963 −0.11%

Religion

Similar to the rest of Japan, most people in the Hiroshima Prefecture are Shinto or Buddhist. in 1996 51.2% of the population was Buddhist, 2 were affiliated with Shinto Sects, 44.8% practiced Folk Shinto, and 2% were Christian.

Transportation

Railway

JR West
Sanyo Shinkansen
Sanyo Main Line
Kabe Line
Kure Line
Geibi Line
Fukuen Line
Ibara Railway

People movers

Astram Line
Skyrail Service

Streetcars

Hiroshima Electric Railway

Roads

Expressways

Chugoku Expressway
Sanyo Expressway
Shimanami Expressway
Hamada Expressway
Onomichi Expressway
Hiroshima Expressway (West Nippon Expressway Company)
Hiroshima Expressway (urban expressway)

National highways

Route 2
Route 31
Route 54
Route 182
Route 183
Route 185
Route 186
Route 191
Route 261
Route 313
Route 314
Route 317
Route 375
Route 432
Route 433
Route 434
Route 486
Route 487
Route 488

Ports

Kure Port – Ferry route to Edajima, Matsuyama
Hiroshima Port – Ferry route to Miyajima, Edajima, Matsuyama and Beppu, and also International Container hub port
Mihara Port
Onomichi Port
Fukuyama Port – International Container hub port

Airports

Hiroshima Airport

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Hiroshima.

Football

Sanfrecce Hiroshima (Hiroshima city)

Baseball

Hiroshima Toyo Carp (Hiroshima city)

Volleyball

JT Thunders (Hiroshima city)

Basketball

Hiroshima Dragonflies
Hiroshima Lightning (Defunct)

Tourism

Hiroshima Peace Memorial
Hiroshima Castle
Shukkei-en
Mitaki Temple
Itsukushima Shrine
Momijidani Park
Mount Misen
Miyajima Public Aquarium
Senkō-ji Temple
Jōdo-ji Temple
Onomichi City Museum of Art
Fukuyama Castle

Famous festivals and events

Onomichi Port Festival – held in April
Hiroshima Flower Festival – held from May 3 to 5
Fukuyama Rose Festival – held in May
Enryuji Tokasan Festival – held in June
Gion Festival of Onomichi – held in July
Innoshima Water-naval Festival – held in August
Miyajima Under-water Firework Festival – held on August 14[citation needed]
Yassa Festival of Mihara – held in August
Saijo Sake Festival – held in October
Onomichi Becher Festival – held on November 3
Hiroshima Ebisu Festival – held from November 18 to 20

International sister relations

Sichuan Province, China[10]
Hawaii Hawaii, United States of America

Other areas of interest

Prefectures of Japan Ehime

Hiroshima Prefecture
広島県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
• Japanese 広島県
• Rōmaji Hiroshima-ken

Prefectures of Japan Ehime
Prefectures of Japan Ehime
Prefectures of Japan Ehime
Prefectures of Japan Ehime

Prefectures of Japan Ehime

Country Japan
Region Chūgoku (San’yō)
Island Honshu
Capital Hiroshima
Subdivisions Districts: 5, Municipalities: 23
Government
• Governor Hidehiko Yuzaki (since November 2009)
Area
• Total 8,479.63 km2 (3,274.00 sq mi)
Area rank 11th
Population (June 1, 2019)
• Total 2,811,410
• Rank 12th
• Density 330/km2 (860/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-34
Website pref.hiroshima.lg.jp
Symbols
Bird Red-throated diver (Gavia stellata)
Tree Japanese maple (Acer palmatum)

finace home after whatwedo line
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