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Fukui Prefecture

Prefectures of Japan Fukui

Is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshū.[1] Fukui Prefecture has a population of 778,943 (1 June 2017) and has a geographic area of 4,190 km² (1,617 sq mi).

Fukui Prefecture borders Ishikawa Prefecture to the north, Gifu Prefecture to the east, Shiga Prefecture to the south, and Kyoto Prefecture to the southwest.

Fukui is the capital and largest city of Fukui Prefecture, with other major cities including Sakai, Echizen, and Sabae.

[2] Fukui Prefecture is located on the Sea of Japan coast and is part of the historic Hokuriku region of Japan.

The Matsudaira clan, a powerful samurai clan during the Edo period that became a component of the Japanese nobility after the Meiji Restoration, was headquartered at Fukui Castle on the site of the modern prefectural offices.

Fukui Prefecture is home to the Kitadani Formation, the Ichijōdani Asakura Family Historic Ruins, and the Tōjinbō cliff range.

Prefectures of Japan Fukui

Fukui Prefecture

 

福井県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 福井県
 • Rōmaji Fukui-ken

Prefectures of Japan Fukui

Flag

Official logo of Fukui Prefecture

Symbol
Location of Fukui Prefecture
Country 23px Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Region Chūbu (Hokuriku)
Island Honshū
Capital Fukui
Subdivisions Districts: 7, Municipalities: 17

Government

 
 • Governor Tatsuji Sugimoto

Area

 
 • Total 4,190.49 km2 (1,617.96 sq mi)
Area rank 34th

Population

 (June 1, 2017)
 • Total 778,943
 • Rank 43rd
 • Density 185.95/km2 (481.6/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-18
Website www.pref.fukui.jp/english/
 
Symbols
Bird Dusky thrush (Turdus naumanni)
Flower Narcissus (Narcissus tazetta)
Tree Pine tree (Pinus)

Prehistory

The Kitadani Dinosaur Quarry, on the Sugiyama River within the city limits of Katsuyama, has yielded animals such As Fukuiraptor, Fukuisaurus, Nipponosaurus, Koshisaurus, Fukuivenator, Fukuititan and Tambatitanis as well as an unnamed dromaeosaurid.

History

Prefectures of Japan Fukui

See also: Historic Sites of Fukui Prefecture

Fukui originally consisted of the old provinces of Wakasa and Echizen, before the prefecture was formed in 1871.[3]

During the Edo period, the daimyō of the region was surnamed Matsudaira, and was a descendant of Tokugawa Ieyasu.

During World War II, Fukui was heavily bombed and its palace, Fukui Castle, surrounded by a moat, was demolished. Buildings for the Fukui Prefectural government were built on the site of the castle.

Geography

Fukui faces the Sea of Japan, and has a western part (formerly Wakasa) which is a narrow plain between the mountains and the sea, and a larger eastern part (formerly Echizen) with wider plains including the capital and most of the population.

The province lays within Japan’s “Snow country”.

As of 31 March 2008, 15% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Hakusan National Park; Echizen-Kaga Kaigan and Wakasa Wan Quasi-National Parks; and Okuetsu Kōgen Prefectural Natural Park.[4]

Cities

See also: List of cities in Fukui Prefecture by population

Nine cities are located in Fukui Prefecture:

Name Area (km2) Population Map
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Awara Fukui.JPG Awara あわら市 116.98 28,405 Awara in Fukui prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Echizencity Fukui.JPG Echizen 越前市 230.7 83,078 Echizen in Fukui prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Fukui, Fukui.svg Fukui (capital) 福井市 536.41 264,217 Fukui in Fukui prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Katsuyama Fukui.JPG Katsuyama 勝山市 253.88 23,527 Katsuyama in Fukui prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Obama, Fukui.svg Obama 小浜市 233.09 29,435 Obama in Fukui prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ono Fukui.JPG Ōno 大野市 872.43 33,640 Ono in Fukui prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Sabae, Fukui.svg Sabae 鯖江市 84.59 69,338 Sabae in Fukui prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Sakai Fukui.JPG Sakai 坂井市 209.67 92,210 Sakai in Fukui prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tsuruga, Fukui.svg Tsuruga 敦賀市 251.39 66,123 Tsuruga in Fukui prefecture Ja.svg
Towns

These are the towns in each district:
Name Area (km2) Population District Map
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Echizentown Fukui.JPG Echizen 越前町 153.15 20,709 Nyū District Echizen town in Fukui Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Eiheiji Fukuicharacter white version.gif Eiheiji 永平寺町 94.43 18,746 Yoshida District Eiheiji in Fukui Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ikeda Fukui chapter.JPG Ikeda 池田町 194.65 2,628 Imadate District Ikeda in Fukui Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Mihama Fukui.JPG Mihama 美浜町 152.35 9,643 Mikata District Mihama in Fukui Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Minamiechizen Fukui.JPG Minamiechizen 南越前町 343.69 10,745 Nanjō District Minamiechizen in Fukui Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Oi Fukui.JPG Ōi おおい町 212.19 8,102 Ōi District Oi in Fukui Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Takahama Fukui.JPG Takahama 高浜町 72.4 10,490 Ōi District Takahama in Fukui Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Wakasa Fukui.JPG Wakasa 若狭町 178.49 14,577 Mikatakaminaka District Wakasa in Fukui Prefecture Ja.svg

Economy

Sabae is known for producing 90% of Japan’s domestically-made glasses.
There are several nuclear power plants located along Wakasa Bay in Tsuruga which supply power to the Keihanshin metropolitan region. It has 14 reactors, the most of any prefecture.[5]

Demographics

Fukui is one of the less populated prefectures of Japan; in September 2015 there were an estimated 785,508 people living in 281,394 households.

[6] As seen in most of Japan, Fukui is facing the problem of both an aging and decreasing population; 28.6% of the population were over the age of 65 in July 2015[6] and the population has decreased 2.6% from the 806,000 measured in the October 2010 national census.[7]

Culture

Ichijōdani Asakura Family Historic Ruins is one of the most important cultural heritage sites in Japan.

Eihei-ji is a temple offering training and education to Buddhist monks. Founded by Dogen Zenji in 1244, Eiheiji is located on a plot of land covering about 33 hectares.
Myōtsū-ji’s Three-storied Pagoda and Main Hall are National Treasures of Japan.

Fukui is home to Maruoka Castle, the oldest standing castle in Japan. It was built in 1576.

Many dinosaur fossils have been excavated in Fukui and they can be seen at the Fukui Prefectural Dinosaur Museum.


Residents of Fukui Prefecture have a distinctive accent, Fukui-ben.


Fukui has long been a center for papermaking in Japan (along with Kyoto).

Its Echizen Papermaking Cooperative is a world-famous collection of papermakers making paper in the traditional Echizen style.


Fukui is also renowned for its clean water and crops, which result in delicious sake, rice, and soba noodles.


In August 2010 Fukui launched its own dating website entitled Fukui Marriage-Hunting Café in hopes of helping the declining population growth of Japan increase.

Couples who meet in the site and continue on to marry receive monetary aid from the government as well as gifts.

Friendship cities

Finland Vihti, Finland
Germany Winsen (Luhe), Germany

Education

University

Fukui University
Fukui University of Technology
Fukui Prefectural University
Jin-ai University

Transportation

Railroad

JR West
Hokuriku Line
Obama Line
Kuzuryu Line
Echizen Railway
Katsuyama-Eiheiji Line
Mikuni-Awara Line
Fukui Railway
Fukubu Line

Road
Expressway and Toll Road

Hokuriku Expressway
Maizuru-Wakasa Expressway
Chubu Jukan Expressway
Mikata Lake Rainbow Road
Mount Hoonji Toll Road

National Highway

Route 8
Route 27
Route 157
Route 158
Route 161
Route 162
Route 303
Route 305
Route 364
Route 365
Route 367
Route 416
Route 417
Route 418
Route 476

Port

Tsuruga Port – Ferry route to Niigata, Akita, Tomakomai, Otaru and International container hub
Fukui Port

Tourism

Ichijōdani Asakura Family Historic Ruins
Eihei-ji Temple
Tōjinbō, a scenic piece of coastline, which is also a notorious spot for suicide.


Echizen crabs are a local delicacy available year-round, though the crabbing season is during the winter.


Another traditional sea-side Fukui dish is genge, a small guppy-like fish that when eaten raw as sashimi, gives the body a brief tingling sensation.
Awara is a famous onsen in the north of the prefecture.


Takefu Chrysanthemum Character Doll Exhibition, held in Takefu Central Park on every October to November, first held on 1952.

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