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Kanagawa

Prefecture

Prefectures of Japan Kanagawa

Prefectures of Japan Kanagawa

Kanagawa Prefecture (神奈川県, Kanagawa-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kantō region of Honshu.[1] Kanagawa Prefecture is the second-most populous prefecture of Japan at 9,058,094 (1 October 2015) and third-densest at 3,800 inhabitants per square kilometre (9,800/sq mi). Its geographic area of 2,415 km2 (932 sq mi) makes it fifth-smallest. Kanagawa Prefecture borders Tokyo to the north, Yamanashi Prefecture to the northwest and Shizuoka Prefecture to the west.

Osaka Prefecture is the third-most-populous prefecture, but by geographic area the second-smallest; at 4,600 inhabitants per square kilometre (12,000/sq mi) it is the second-most densely populated, below only Tokyo.

Yokohama is the capital and largest city of Kanagawa Prefecture and the second-largest city in Japan, with other major cities including Kawasaki, Sagamihara and Fujisawa.[2] Kanagawa Prefecture is located on Japan’s eastern Pacific coast on Tokyo Bay and Sagami Bay, separated by the Miura Peninsula, across from Chiba Prefecture on the Bōsō Peninsula. Kanagawa Prefecture is part of the Greater Tokyo Area, the most populous metropolitan area in the world, with Yokohama and many of its cities being major commercial hubs and southern suburbs of Tokyo. Kanagawa Prefecture was the political and economic center of Japan during the Kamakura period when Kamakura was the de facto capital and largest city of Japan as the seat of the Kamakura Shogunate from 1185 to 1333. Kanagawa Prefecture is a popular tourist area in the Tokyo region, with Kamakura and Hakone being two popular side trip destinations.

History

The prefecture has some archaeological sites going back to the Jōmon period (around 400 BCE). About 3,000 years ago, Mount Hakone produced a volcanic explosion which resulted in Lake Ashi on the western area of the prefecture.[citation needed]

It is believed[by whom?] that the Yamato dynasty ruled this area from the 5th century onwards. In the ancient era, its plains were very sparsely inhabited.[citation needed]

In medieval Japan, Kanagawa was part of the provinces of Sagami and Musashi.[3] Kamakura in central Sagami was the capital of Japan during the Kamakura period (1185–1333).

During the Edo period, the western part of Sagami Province was governed by the daimyō of Odawara Castle, while the eastern part was directly governed by the Tokugawa shogunate in Edo (modern-day Tokyo).[citation needed]

Commodore Matthew Perry landed in Kanagawa in 1853 and 1854 and signed the Convention of Kanagawa to force open Japanese ports to the United States. Yokohama, the largest deep-water port in Tokyo Bay, was opened to foreign traders in 1859 after several more years of foreign pressure, and eventually developed into the largest trading port in Japan. Nearby Yokosuka, closer to the mouth of Tokyo Bay, developed as a naval port and now serves as headquarters for the U.S. 7th Fleet and the fleet operations of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force. After the Meiji period, many foreigners lived in Yokohama City, and visited Hakone. The Meiji government developed the first railways in Japan, from Shinbashi (in Tokyo) to Yokohama in 1872.[citation needed]

The epicenter of the 1923 Great Kanto earthquake was deep beneath Izu Ōshima Island in Sagami Bay. It devastated Tokyo, the port city of Yokohama, surrounding prefectures of Chiba, Kanagawa, and Shizuoka, and caused widespread damage throughout the Kantō region.[4] The sea receded as much as 400 metres from the shore at Manazuru Point, and then rushed back towards the shore in a great wall of water which swamped Mitsuishi-shima.[5] At Kamakura, the total death toll from earthquake, tsunami, and fire exceeded 2,000 victims.[6] At Odawara, ninety percent of the buildings collapsed immediately, and subsequent fires burned the rubble along with anything else left standing.[7]

Yokohama, Kawasaki and other major cities were heavily damaged by the U.S. bombing in 1945. Total Casualties amounted to more than several thousand. After the war, General Douglas MacArthur, the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers for the Occupation of Japan, landed in Kanagawa, before moving to other areas. U.S. military bases still remain in Kanagawa, including Camp Zama (Army), Yokosuka Naval Base, Naval Air Station Atsugi (Navy).

Demographics

In 1945, Kanagawa was the 15th most populous prefecture in Japan, with the population of about 1.9 million. In the years after the war, the prefecture underwent rapid urbanization as a part of the Greater Tokyo Area. The population as of September 1, 2014, is estimated to be 9.1 million.[9] Kanagawa became the second most populous prefecture in 2006.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1890 979,756 —    
1903 1,051,433 +0.54%
1913 1,228,254 +1.57%
1920 1,323,390 +1.07%
1925 1,416,792 +1.37%
1930 1,619,606 +2.71%
1935 1,840,005 +2.58%
1940 2,188,974 +3.53%
1945 1,865,667 −3.15%
1950 2,487,665 +5.92%
1955 2,919,497 +3.25%
1960 3,443,176 +3.35%
1965 4,430,743 +5.17%
1970 5,472,247 +4.31%
1975 6,397,748 +3.17%
1980 6,924,348 +1.59%
1985 7,431,974 +1.43%
1990 7,980,391 +1.43%
1995 8,245,900 +0.66%
2000 8,489,974 +0.59%
2005 8,791,597 +0.70%
2010 9,048,331 +0.58%
2015 9,058,094 +0.02%

Geography

Kanagawa is a relatively small prefecture located at the southeastern corner of the Kantō Plain[10] wedged between Tokyo on the north, the foothills of Mount Fuji on the northwest, and the Sagami Bay[10] and Tokyo Bay on the south and east. The eastern side of the prefecture is relatively flat and heavily urbanized, including the large port cities of Yokohama and Kawasaki.

The southeastern area nearby the Miura Peninsula is less urbanized, with the ancient city of Kamakura drawing tourists to temples and shrines. The western part, bordered by Yamanashi Prefecture and Shizuoka Prefecture on the west,[11] is more mountainous and includes resort areas like Odawara and Hakone. The area, stretching 80 kilometres (50 mi) from west to east and 60 kilometres (37 mi) from north to south, contains 2,400 square kilometres (930 sq mi) of land, accounting for 0.64% of the total land area of Japan.[11]

As of 1 April 2012, 23% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park; Tanzawa-Ōyama Quasi-National Park; and Jinba Sagamiko, Manazuru Hantō, Okuyugawara, and Tanzawa-Ōyama Prefectural Natural Parks.

Topography

Topographically, the prefecture consists of three distinct areas. The mountainous western region features the Tanzawa Mountain Range and the volcano Mount Hakone. The hilly eastern region is characterized by the Tama Hills and Miura Peninsula. The central region, which surrounds the Tama Hills and Miura Peninsula, consists of flat stream terraces and low lands around major rivers including the Sagami River, Sakai River, Tsurumi River, and Tama River.

The Tama River forms much of the boundary between Kanagawa and Tokyo. The Sagami River flows through the middle of the prefecture. In the western region, the Sakawa runs through a small lowland, the Sakawa Lowland, between Mount Hakone to the west and the Ōiso Hills to the east, and flows into Sagami Bay.[10]

The Tanzawa Mountain Range, part of the Kantō Mountain Range, contains Mount Hiru (1,673 m or 5,489 ft), the highest peak in the prefecture. Other mountains measure similar mid-range heights: Mount Hinokiboramaru (1,601 m or 5,253 ft), Mount Tanzawa, (1,567 m or 5,141 ft), Mount Ōmuro (1,588 m or 5,210 ft), Mount Himetsugi (1,433 m or 4,701 ft), and Mount Usu (1,460 m or 4,790 ft). The mountain range is lower in height southward leading to Hadano Basin to the Ōiso Hills. At the eastern foothills of the mountain range lies the Isehara Plateau and across the Sagami River the Sagamino plateau.

Cities

Nineteen cities are located in Kanagawa Prefecture.

Atsugi
Ayase
Chigasaki
Ebina
Fujisawa
Hadano
Hiratsuka
Isehara
Kamakura
Kawasaki
Minamiashigara
Miura
Odawara
Sagamihara
Yamato
Yokohama (capital)
Yokosuka
Zama
Zushi

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Aikō District
Aikawa
Kiyokawa
Ashigarakami District
Kaisei
Matsuda
Nakai
Ōi
Yamakita
Ashigarashimo District
Hakone
Manazuru
Yugawara
Kōza District
Samukawa
Miura District
Hayama
Naka District
Ninomiya
Ōiso

Festivals and events

Tama River Firework event
Yokohama Port Anniversary Festival (June)
Kamakura Festival (April)
Hiratsuka Tanabata Festival (July)
Odawara Hōjō Godai Festival (May)
Yugawara Kifune Festival (July)

Transportation

Kanagawa’s transport network is heavily intertwined with that of Tokyo (see: Transportation in Greater Tokyo). Shin-Yokohama and Odawara stations on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen are located in the prefecture, providing high-speed rail service to Tokyo, Nagoya, Osaka, and other major cities.

Railways

East Japan Railway Company
Tōkaidō Main Line
Nambu Line
Tsurumi Line
Yokohama Line
Negishi Line
Yokosuka Line
Sagami Line
Chūō Main Line
Central Japan Railway Company
Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Gotemba Line
Keikyu
Main Line
Daishi Line
Kurihama Line
Zushi Line
Odakyu
Odawara Line
Enoshima Line
Tama Line
Sagami Railway
Main Line
Izumino Line
Tokyu
Tōyoko Line
Den-en-toshi Line
Ōimachi Line
Meguro Line
Minatomirai Line
Keio
Sagamihara Line
Izuhakone Railway
Daiyuzan Line
Enoshima Electric Railway

Subways

Yokohama Municipal Subway
Blue Line
Green Line

Monorail

Shonan Monorail

People movers

Kanazawa Seaside Line

Road

Expressway

Tomei Expressway
Chuo Expressway
Shuto Expressway
Tokyo Bay Aqua-Line

National highways

Route 1
Route 15
Route 16
Route 20
Route 129 (Hiratsuka-Atsugi-Sagamihara)
Route 132
Route 133
Route 134
Route 135 (Shimoda–Atami-Odawara)
Route 138
Route 246 (Chiyoda, Tokyo-Kawasaki-Machida-Atsugi-Isehara-Gotenba–Numazu)
Route 255
Route 357 (Chiba–Funabashi–Daiba of Tokyo-Yokohama-Yokosuka)
Route 409
Route 412
Route 413 (Fujiyoshida–Lake Yamanaka-Sagamihara)
Route 466 (Setagaya, Tokyo-Kawasaki-Yokohama)
Route 467

Ports

Yokohama Port – International container hub port
Misaki Port – Ferry Route to Kisarazu

Education

The Kanagawa Prefectural Board of Education manages and oversees individual municipal school districts. The board of education also directly operates most of the public high schools in the prefecture.

University facilities

Kawasaki

Keio University – Shin Kawasaki Campus
Meiji University – Ikuta Campus
Senshu University – Ikuta Campus
Japan Women’s University
Showa University of Music
Den-en Chofu University – Aso Ward
Nippon Medical School
St. Marianna University, School of Medicine – Miyamae
Japan Cinema School
Tokyo City University – Aso War

Yokohama

Tokyo Institute of Technology – Suzukakedai
Tokyo University of the Arts – Naka Ward
Yokohama National University – Hodogaya
Yokohama City University – Kanazawa Ward
Kanagawa University – Kanagawa Ward
Kanto Gakuin University – Kanazawa Ward
Toin University of Yokohama – Aoba Ward
Tsurumi University – Tsurumi Ward
Yokohama College of Commerce – Tsurumi Ward
Yokohama College of Pharmacy – Totsuka Ward
Keio University – Hiyoshi Campus
Tokyo City University – Tsuzuki Ward
Meiji Gakuin University – Totsuka Ward
Nippon Sport Science University – Aoba Ward
Toyo Eiwa University – Midori Ward
Kokugakuin University – Tama Plaza
Senzoku Gakuen College of Music

Sagamihara

Aoyama Gakuin University
Azabu University
Kitasato University
Sagami Women’s University
Obirin University
Joshi University of Art and Design
Teikyo University

Yokosuka

Kanagawa Dental College
Kanagawa University of Human Services

Hiratsuka

Tokai University – Hiratsuka Campus
Shoin University – Hiratsuka Campus
Kanagawa University

Isehara

Tokai University – Isehara Campus
Sanno University

Odawara

Kanto Gakuin University – Odawara Campus
International University of Health and Welfare

Chigasaki

Bunkyo University – Chigasaki Campus

Atsugi

Shoin University
Tokyo University of Agriculture – Atsugi Campus
Kanagawa Institute of Technology
Tokyo Polytechnic University – Atsugi Campus

Sports

Facilities

Football and athletics

Nissan Stadium (International Stadium Yokohama)—in Yokohama, the final venue of 2002 FIFA World Cup and FIFA Club World Cup in 2005–2007
Nippatsu Mitsuzawa Stadium (Mitsuzawa Stadium)—in Yokohama, only for football
Todoroki Athletics Stadium—in Kawasaki, the final venue of 2007 IFAF World Cup (American football).
Hiratsuka Athletics Stadium

Baseball

Yokohama Stadium—for baseball (Yokohama DeNA BayStars) and hosted Australian rules football
Kawasaki Stadium—former homeground of Taiyo Whales (now Yokohama BayStars) and Lotte Orions (now Chiba Lotte Marines).
Yokosuka Stadium—home field of Shonan Searex, minor league team of Yokohama BayStars

Indoor

Yokohama Arena—also for music concert
Yokohama Cultural Gymnasium—a volleyball venue of 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo
Todoroki Arena—in Kawasaki and multi-purpose venue (including basketball)
Odawara Arena—2020 Kanagawa Pre-Games training facilities

Other

Enoshima Yacht Course—used for 1964 Summer Olympics.
Hakone Ekiden Course—from Tokyo to Hakone, 108.0 km, mostly on Japan National Route 1 and Route 15. Runners run on the divided route for ten parts on January 2 (to Hakone) and January 3 (to Tokyo) every year.
Lake Sagami—hosted canoeing and rowing for the 1964 Summer Olympics.

Teams

Soccer (football)

Kawasaki Frontale (Kawasaki)—Todoroki Athletics
Yokohama F. Marinos (Yokohama, Yokosuka)—Nissan Stadium
Yokohama F.C. (Yokohama)—Mitsuzawa Ballpark
Shonan Bellmare (Hiratsuka, Odawara and some cities and towns in central and western area of Kanagawa)—Hiratsuka Athletic Stadium (football) and Odawara Arena (futsal)

Baseball

Yokohama BayStars (Yokohama)—Yokohama Stadium, and Yokosuka Stadium (for its farm team, “Shonan Searex”).

Basketball

Toshiba Brave Thunders Kanagawa (Kawasaki)—Todoroki Arena

Volleyball

NEC Red Rockets (Kawasaki)—Todoroki Arena

Visitors attractions and places of interest

Yokohama Municipal Children’s Botanical Garden
Yokohama War Cemetery
Yokohama Chinatown

Sister areas

Kanagawa Prefecture has sister relationships with these places: [13]

United States Maryland, United States (1981)
China Liaoning Province, China (1983)
Ukraine Odessa Oblast, Ukraine (1986)
Germany Baden-Württemberg, Germany (1989)
South Korea Gyeonggi Province, Republic of Korea (1990)
Australia City of Gold Coast, Australia (1990)
Malaysia Penang, Malaysia (1991)
Sweden Västra Götaland County, Sweden (1998)
Mexico Aguascalientes, México (2013)

In popular culture

Stephen Sondheim’s stage musical Pacific Overtures, about the “opening” of Japan to Western influence by Commodore Perry, contains the song “Welcome to Kanagawa”.
The main team in the Japanese manga and anime series Slam Dunk, Shohoku, is from Kanagawa.
The Hinata Inn and surrounding town from the manga and anime series Love Hina are located in Kanagawa.
The Japanese manga series Elfen Lied takes place in Kanagawa, mainly in Kamakura and Enoshima (Fujisawa).
The Japanese anime series S-CRY-ED takes place in Kanagawa Prefecture, after a seismic event raises it from the ground.
The Japanese manga and anime series Kenkō Zenrakei Suieibu Umishō takes place in the fictional Kanagawa city of Umineko.
The Japanese anime series Gundam Wing’s early episodes feature Kanagawa prominently, mainly Yokohama and Yokosuka.
The Japanese anime and manga series Area no Kishi takes place in Kanagawa, mostly Kamakura.
The Japanese anime and manga series Hamatora takes place in Kanagawa, mainly in Yokohama.
The Japanese anime and manga series His and Her Circumstances takes place in Kanagawa Prefecture, mainly in Kawasaki city and Yokohama.
The Japanese anime and manga series Neon Genesis Evangelion takes place in Tokyo-3, which is located in the village of Hakone, in the Ashigarashimo District
A team from the Japanese anime and manga series Kuroko’s Basketball, Kaijo, is from Kanagawa.
The manga Shonan Junai Gumi, along with its prequel Bad Company, and the sequel Great Teacher Onizuka’s spin off GTO: 14 Days in Shonan, are set in Shonan, in Kanagawa
The Japanese anime and manga series Yowamushi Pedal, Hakone Academy is from Hakone, Kanagawa.
The Japanese anime and manga series Initial D Fifth Stage is set in Kanagawa, and Final Stage is set in Hakone.
The Japanese anime and manga series Bungo Stray Dogs is set in Yokohama
The Japanese anime and manga series Aoi Hana is set in Kamakura
The Japanese anime and manga series Rascal Does Not Dream of Bunny Girl Senpai takes place in various places in Kanagawa Prefecture, such as Fujisawa and Yokohama.

Other areas of interest

Prefectures of Japan Kanagawa

Kanagawa Prefecture
神奈川県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
• Japanese 神奈川県
• Rōmaji Kanagawa-ken

Prefectures of Japan Kanagawa
Prefectures of Japan Kanagawa
Prefectures of Japan Kanagawa
Prefectures of Japan Kanagawa

Prefectures of Japan Kanagawa

Country Japan
Region Kantō
Island Honshu
Capital Yokohama
Subdivisions Districts: 6, Municipalities: 33
Government
• Governor Yūji Kuroiwa (since April 2011)
Area
• Total 2,415.83 km2 (932.76 sq mi)
Area rank 43rd
Highest elevation (Mount Hiru)
1,675 m (5,495 ft)
Population (October 1, 2015)
• Total 9,058,094
• Rank 2nd
• Density 3,770/km2 (9,800/sq mi)
• Dialect
Kanagawa dialect
ISO 3166 code JP-14
Website www.pref.kanagawa.jp
Symbols
Bird Common gull (Larus canus)
Flower Golden-rayed lily (Lilium auratum)
Tree Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba)

finace home after whatwedo line
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