Prefectures of Japan Nagano
Nagano Prefecture (長野県, Nagano-ken) is a landlocked prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshū. Nagano Prefecture has a population of 2,052,493 (as of 1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 13,561 square kilometres (5,236 sq mi). Nagano Prefecture borders Niigata Prefecture to the north, Gunma Prefecture to the northeast, Saitama Prefecture to the east, Yamanashi Prefecture to the southeast, Shizuoka Prefecture and Aichi Prefecture to the south, and Gifu Prefecture and Toyama Prefecture to the west.
Nagano is the capital and largest city of Nagano Prefecture, with other major cities including Matsumoto, Ueda, and Iida.: 682 Nagano Prefecture has impressive highland areas of the Japanese Alps, including most of the Hida Mountains, Kiso Mountains, and Akaishi Mountains which extend into the neighbouring prefectures. The abundance of mountain ranges, natural scenic beauty, and rich history has gained Nagano Prefecture international recognition as a world-class winter sports tourist destination, including hosting the 1998 Winter Olympics and a new Shinkansen line to Tokyo.
Nagano is an inland prefecture and it borders more prefectures than any other in Japan, bordering Gunma Prefecture, Saitama Prefecture, Yamanashi Prefecture, and Shizuoka Prefecture to the east, Niigata Prefecture to the north, Toyama Prefecture and Gifu Prefecture to the west, and Aichi Prefecture to the south. Nagano contains the point furthest from the sea in the whole of Japan—this point lies within the city of Saku. The province’s mountains have made it relatively isolated, and many visitors come to Nagano for its mountain resorts and hot springs. Nine of the twelve highest mountains in Japan can be found in Nagano and one of its lakes, Lake Kizaki, is a beach resort popular for its water attractions and games.
As of 1 April 2014, 21% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks; namely the Chichibu Tama Kai, Chūbu-Sangaku, Jōshin’etsu Kōgen, and Minami Alps National Parks; Myōgi-Arafune-Saku Kōgen, Tenryū-Okumikawa, and Yatsugatake-Chūshin Kōgen Quasi-National Parks; and Chūō Alps, Enrei Ōjō, Hijiriyama Kōgen, Mibugawa Suikei, Ontake, and Tenryū Koshibu Suikei Prefectural Natural Parks.
Nineteen cities are located in Nagano Prefecture:
Towns and villages
These are the towns and villages in each district:
The life expectancy in Nagano prefecture is the longest nationwide with the average life expectancy of 87.18 years for women and 80.88 years for men.
East Japan Railway Company
Shin’etsu Main Line
Chūō Main Line (east line)
Ōito Line (from Matsumoto to Minami-Otari)
Central Japan Railway Company
Chūō Main Line (west line)
West Japan Railway Company
Ōito Line (from Minami-Otari to Itoigawa)
Shinano Railway Line
Nagano Electric Railway
Matsumoto Electric Railway
Route 19 (Nagano-Matsumoto-Shioriri-Nagiso-Nakatsugawa-Tajimi-Nagoya)
Route 20 (Matsumoto-Suwa-Kofu-Otsuki-Hachioji-Nihonbashi of Tokyo)
Route 143 (Matsumoto-Azumino-Ueda)
Route 147 (Matsumoto-Omachi)
Route 148 (Omachi-Itoigawa)
Route 151 (Iida-Shinshiro-Toyohashi)
Route 153 (Nagoya-Toyota-Iida-Shioriri)
Route 158 (Fukui-Gujo-Takayama-Matsumoto)
Route 256 (Gifu-Gujo-Gero-Nakatsugawa-Nagiso-Iida)
Route 406 (Omachi-Hakuba-Nagano-Susaka-Tsumagoi-Takasaki)
Route 418 (Ono-Seki-Ena-Iida)
Shinshu University (National)
Nagano College of Nursing (Prefectural)
The University of Nagano (Prefectural)
Nagano University [Municipal (Ueda City)]
Suwa Tokyo University of Science [Municipal (Chino City)]
Matsumoto University (Private)
Matsumoto Dental University (Private)
Saku University (Private)
Seisen Jogakuin College (Private)
Nagano Prefecture has a large and diversified economy, with a strong focus on electronics, information technology, precision machinery, agriculture and food products, and tourism, with a total GDP of about ¥8.5 trillion (2017).
Several large Japanese groups have production facilities in Nagano Prefecture, such as Citizen Watch (Citizen Group), MinebeaMitsumi, Seiko Epson or Vaio.
Suwa Taisha, one of the oldest shrines in Japan
Matsumoto Castle, one of Japan’s national treasures
One of the world’s highest geysers (about 40 to 50 meters) in Suwa
Zenkō-ji temple in Nagano city
Five Mountains of Northern Shinshu
There are two local J.League clubs: AC Nagano Parceiro and Matsumoto Yamaga FC.
Siberian Silver Birch
Shinano no Kuni (prefecture song)
Changhua County, Taiwan (2008)
Nagano’s former governor, Yasuo Tanaka, is an independent who has made a reputation internationally for attacking Japan’s status quo. Among other issues, he has refused national government money for construction projects that he deems unnecessary, such as dams, and has overhauled (locally) the press club system that is blamed for limiting government access to journalists who give favorable coverage. Tanaka was voted out from office on August 6, 2006 and was replaced by Jin Murai.
Tatsumi Yoda (aka Tom Yoda), former chairman of Avex, is from Chikuma-shi.
Glim Spanky, the members of the rock band are from Nagano Prefecture
Yuto Adachi, of Korean boy group Pentagon is from Nagano Prefecture
Yasuyuki Kazama, a professional drift driver, is from Shimosuwa in Nagano Prefecture.
Keiichi Tsuchiya, a professional racing driver, is from Tōmi in Nagano Prefecture.
Jun’ya Ota (aka ZUN), video game developer best known for the Touhou Project series is from Nagano Prefecture.
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Prefectures of Japan Nagano
• Japanese 長野県
• Rōmaji Nagano-ken
Prefectures of Japan Nagano
Region Chūbu (Kōshin’etsu)
Subdivisions Districts: 14, Municipalities: 77
• Governor Shuichi Abe
• Total 13,561.56 km2 (5,236.15 sq mi)
Area rank 4th
Population (June 1, 2019)
• Total 2,052,493
• Rank 16th
• Density 150/km2 (390/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-20
Bird Rock ptarmigan (Lagopus muta)
Flower Gentian (Gentiana scabra var. buergeri)
Tree White birch (Betula platyphylla var. japonica)