Prefectures of Japan Toyama
Toyama Prefecture (富山県, Toyama-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshu. Toyama Prefecture has a population of 1,044,588 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 4,247.61 km2 (1,640.01 sq mi). Toyama Prefecture borders Ishikawa Prefecture to the west, Gifu Prefecture to the south, Nagano Prefecture to the east, and Niigata Prefecture to the northeast.
Toyama is the capital and largest city of Toyama Prefecture, with other major cities including Takaoka, Imizu, and Nanto. Toyama Prefecture is part of the historic Hokuriku region, and the majority of prefecture’s population lives on Toyama Bay, one of the largest bays in Japan. Toyama Prefecture is the leading industrial prefecture on the Japan Sea coast and has the advantage of cheap electricity from abundant hydroelectric resources. Toyama Prefecture contains the only known glaciers in East Asia outside of Russia, first recognized in 2012, and 30% of the prefecture’s area is designated as national parks.
Historically, Toyama Prefecture was Etchū Province. Following the abolition of the han system in 1871, Etchū Province was renamed Niikawa Prefecture, but Imizu District was given to Nanao Prefecture. In 1872 Imizu District was returned by the new Ishikawa Prefecture.
In 1876, Niikawa Prefecture was merged into Ishikawa Prefecture but the merger was void in 1881 and the area was re-established as Toyama Prefecture.
The Itai-itai disease occurred in Toyama around 1950.
Toyama Prefecture is bordered by Ishikawa Prefecture to the west, Niigata to the northeast, Nagano to the southeast, Gifu to the south and Sea of Japan to the north.
As of April 1, 2012, 30% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Chūbu-Sangaku and Hakusan National Parks; Noto Hantō Quasi-National Park; and six Prefectural Natural Parks.
Due to the mergers in the 2000s, Toyama has the fewest municipalities of any prefecture in Japan with 10 cities, 2 districts, 4 towns, and 1 village (before the mergers took place, the prefecture had 9 cities, 18 towns, and 8 villages).
List of governors of Toyama Prefecture (from 1947)
This is a list of governors of Toyama with their titles.
- 19 April 1947 – 15 November 1947: Tetsuji Tachi (館哲二)
- 16 November 1947 – 30 September 1956: Takekuni Takatsuji (高辻武邦)
- 1 October 1956 – 1 December 1969: Minoru Yoshida (吉田実)
- 30 December 1969 – 18 September 1980: Kokichi Nakata (中田幸吉)
- 11 November 1980 – 8 November 2004: Yutaka Nakaoki (中沖豊)
- 9 November 2004–present: Takakazu Ishii (石井隆一)
In 2014 Toyama contributed approximately 2.5% of Japan’s rice production and makes use of abundant water sources originating from Mount Tate. It also has many fisheries along its Sea of Japan coastline.
Toyama is famous for its historical pharmaceutical industry which remains a top manufacturing industry in the prefecture in terms of manufacturing shipment value followed by electronic parts and devices (industrial robots, general machinery, etc.), and metal products (aluminum, copper etc.) manufacturing.
Kurobe Dam generates electricity for the Kansai Electric Power Company. It is located on the Kurobe River in Toyama Prefecture.
Per Japanese census data, and, Toyama has had gradual population increase after 1950 and gradual population decline at 1960-1970 and 21st century
Tokyo: 2 hr 7 min via Hokuriku Shinkansen
Osaka: 3 hr via Hokuriku Shinkansen and Thunderbird Limited Express
The Hokuriku Shinkansen line is scheduled to extend to Osaka in the future, and will shorten the Osaka-Toyama trip to approximately 1 hr 40 min.
Tokyo: 5 hr
Osaka: 4 hr 10 min
Nagoya: 3 hr 15 min
Niigata: 2 hr 30 min
Toyama Airport (TOY)
Tokyo: 1 hr
Sapporo: 1 hr 20 min
Fukuoka: 1 hr 30 min
Shanghai: 2 hr 30 min via Shanghai Airlines
Dalian: 2 hr 30 min via China Southern Airlines
Seoul: 1 hr 50 min via Asiana Airlines
Vladivostok: 2 hr 40 min via Vladivostok Airlines
UNESCO World Heritage Cultural Sites
Gokayama Historical Village (Nanto City)
National Treasures of Japan
Zuiryū-ji Temple (Takaoka City)
All Japan Chindon Competition (Toyama City (Toyama Castle Park), Mid April
Tonami Tulip Fair (Tonami City), May
Marumage Festival (Himi City), May 17
Sassa Narimasa Sengoku Era Festival (Toyama City), Late July
Japan Wildlife Film Festival (Toyama Prefecture), Early August
Toyama Festival (Toyama City), Sept. 1
Owara Kaze no Bon (Toyama City (Yatsuo Area)), Sept. 1-3
Nanto Toga Soba Festival (Nanto City (Toga Village Area)), Mid Feb.
Trout Sushi (Masuzushi)
White Shrimp (Shiro Ebi)
Matured Yellow Tail (Buri)
Firefly Squid (Hotaru Ika)
Fish Paste (Kamaboko)
- Tateyama (立山)
- Narimasa (成政)
- Masuizumi (満寿泉)
- Sanshoraku (三笑楽）
The sports teams listed below are based in Toyama.
Kataller Toyama (Toyama City)
Toyama Grouses (Toyama City)
Toyama Thunderbirds (Toyama City)
Takaoka Mariners (Takaoka)
Tateyama Kurobe Alpine Route
kurobe Gorge Railway
Gokayama（UNESCO World Heritage Site）
Mitsui Outlet Park, Hokuriku Oyabe
United States, Oregon State- October 19, 1991
China, Liaoning Province – May 9, 1984
Brazil, São Paulo State – July 18, 1985
Russia, Primorsky Region – August 26, 1992
India, Andhra Pradesh State – December 29, 2015
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Prefectures of Japan Toyama
• Japanese 富山県
• Rōmaji Toyama-ken
Prefectures of Japan Toyama
Region Chūbu (Hokuriku)
Subdivisions Districts: 2, Municipalities: 15
• Governor Hachiro Nitta
• Total 4,247.61 km2 (1,640.01 sq mi)
Area rank 33rd
Population (June 1, 2019)
• Total 1,044,588
• Rank 37th
• Density 250/km2 (640/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-16
Fish Japanese amberjack
Flower Tulip (Tulipa)
Tree Tateyama Cedar (Cryptomeria japonica)