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Prefectures of Japan Toyama

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Prefectures of Japan Toyama

Prefectures of Japan

Toyama

Toyama Prefecture
富山県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
• Japanese 富山県
• Rōmaji Toyama-ken

Prefectures of Japan Toyama – Profile Photos

Prefectures of Japan Toyama

Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Hokuriku)
Island Honshu
Capital Toyama
Subdivisions Districts: 2, Municipalities: 15
Government
• Governor Hachiro Nitta
Area
• Total 4,247.61 km2 (1,640.01 sq mi)
Area rank 33rd
Population (June 1, 2019)
• Total 1,044,588
• Rank 37th
• Density 250/km2 (640/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-16
Website pref.toyama.jp
Symbols
Bird Ptarmigan
Fish Japanese amberjack
Pasiphaea japonica
Firefly squid
Flower Tulip (Tulipa)
Tree Tateyama Cedar (Cryptomeria japonica)

Prefectures of Japan Toyama

Toyama Prefecture (富山県, Toyama-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshu.[2] Toyama Prefecture has a population of 1,044,588 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 4,247.61 km2 (1,640.01 sq mi). Toyama Prefecture borders Ishikawa Prefecture to the west, Gifu Prefecture to the south, Nagano Prefecture to the east, and Niigata Prefecture to the northeast.

Toyama is the capital and largest city of Toyama Prefecture, with other major cities including Takaoka, Imizu, and Nanto.[3] Toyama Prefecture is part of the historic Hokuriku region, and the majority of prefecture’s population lives on Toyama Bay, one of the largest bays in Japan. Toyama Prefecture is the leading industrial prefecture on the Japan Sea coast and has the advantage of cheap electricity from abundant hydroelectric resources. Toyama Prefecture contains the only known glaciers in East Asia outside of Russia, first recognized in 2012, and 30% of the prefecture’s area is designated as national parks.[4]

History

Historically, Toyama Prefecture was Etchū Province.[5] Following the abolition of the han system in 1871, Etchū Province was renamed Niikawa Prefecture, but Imizu District was given to Nanao Prefecture. In 1872 Imizu District was returned by the new Ishikawa Prefecture.

In 1876, Niikawa Prefecture was merged into Ishikawa Prefecture but the merger was void in 1881 and the area was re-established as Toyama Prefecture.[citation needed]

The Itai-itai disease occurred in Toyama around 1950.

Geography

Toyama Prefecture is bordered by Ishikawa Prefecture to the west, Niigata to the northeast, Nagano to the southeast, Gifu to the south and Sea of Japan to the north.

As of April 1, 2012, 30% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Chūbu-Sangaku and Hakusan National Parks; Noto Hantō Quasi-National Park; and six Prefectural Natural Parks.

Municipalities

Due to the mergers in the 2000s, Toyama has the fewest municipalities of any prefecture in Japan with 10 cities, 2 districts, 4 towns, and 1 village (before the mergers took place, the prefecture had 9 cities, 18 towns, and 8 villages).

List of governors of Toyama Prefecture (from 1947)

This is a list of governors of Toyama with their titles.

  • 19 April 1947 – 15 November 1947: Tetsuji Tachi (館哲二)
  • 16 November 1947 – 30 September 1956: Takekuni Takatsuji (高辻武邦)
  • 1 October 1956 – 1 December 1969: Minoru Yoshida (吉田実)
  • 30 December 1969 – 18 September 1980: Kokichi Nakata (中田幸吉)
  • 11 November 1980 – 8 November 2004: Yutaka Nakaoki (中沖豊)
  • 9 November 2004–present: Takakazu Ishii (石井隆一)

Economy

Agriculture

In 2014 Toyama contributed approximately 2.5% of Japan’s rice production[7] and makes use of abundant water sources originating from Mount Tate. It also has many fisheries along its Sea of Japan coastline.

Manufacturing

Toyama is famous for its historical pharmaceutical industry which remains a top manufacturing industry in the prefecture in terms of manufacturing shipment value followed by electronic parts and devices (industrial robots, general machinery, etc.), and metal products (aluminum, copper etc.) manufacturing.

Energy

Kurobe Dam generates electricity for the Kansai Electric Power Company. It is located on the Kurobe River in Toyama Prefecture.

Demographics

Per Japanese census data,[8] and,[9] Toyama has had gradual population increase after 1950 and gradual population decline at 1960-1970 and 21st century

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920724,000—    
1930779,000+7.6%
1940823,000+5.6%
19501,009,000+22.6%
19601,033,000+2.4%
19701,030,000−0.3%
19801,103,000+7.1%
19901,120,000+1.5%
20001,120,851+0.1%
20101,093,247−2.5%
20201,044,588−4.5%

Transportation

Rail

Tokyo: 2 hr 7 min via Hokuriku Shinkansen

Osaka: 3 hr via Hokuriku Shinkansen and Thunderbird Limited Express

The Hokuriku Shinkansen line is scheduled to extend to Osaka in the future, and will shorten the Osaka-Toyama trip to approximately 1 hr 40 min.

Expressway

Tokyo: 5 hr
Osaka: 4 hr 10 min
Nagoya: 3 hr 15 min
Niigata: 2 hr 30 min

Air

Toyama Airport (TOY)

Domestic

Tokyo: 1 hr
Sapporo: 1 hr 20 min
Fukuoka: 1 hr 30 min

International

Shanghai: 2 hr 30 min via Shanghai Airlines
Dalian: 2 hr 30 min via China Southern Airlines
Seoul: 1 hr 50 min via Asiana Airlines
Vladivostok: 2 hr 40 min via Vladivostok Airlines

Culture

UNESCO World Heritage Cultural Sites

Gokayama Historical Village (Nanto City)

National Treasures of Japan

Zuiryū-ji Temple (Takaoka City)

Festivals

Spring

All Japan Chindon Competition (Toyama City (Toyama Castle Park), Mid April
Tonami Tulip Fair (Tonami City), May
Marumage Festival (Himi City), May 17

Summer

Sassa Narimasa Sengoku Era Festival (Toyama City), Late July
Japan Wildlife Film Festival (Toyama Prefecture), Early August

Fall

Toyama Festival (Toyama City), Sept. 1
Owara Kaze no Bon (Toyama City (Yatsuo Area)), Sept. 1-3

Winter

Nanto Toga Soba Festival (Nanto City (Toga Village Area)), Mid Feb.

Regional Foods

Trout Sushi (Masuzushi)
White Shrimp (Shiro Ebi)
Matured Yellow Tail (Buri)
Firefly Squid (Hotaru Ika)
Fish Paste (Kamaboko)

Regional sake

  • Tateyama (立山)
  • Narimasa (成政)
  • Masuizumi (満寿泉)
  • Sanshoraku (三笑楽)

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Toyama.

Football (soccer)

Kataller Toyama (Toyama City)

Basketball

Toyama Grouses (Toyama City)

Baseball

Toyama Thunderbirds (Toyama City)

Rugby Union

Takaoka Mariners (Takaoka)

Tourism

Tateyama Kurobe Alpine Route
kurobe Gorge Railway
Unazuki Onsen
Gokayama(UNESCO World Heritage Site)
Mitsui Outlet Park, Hokuriku Oyabe

International Links

United States, Oregon State- October 19, 1991
China, Liaoning Province – May 9, 1984
Brazil, São Paulo State – July 18, 1985
Russia, Primorsky Region – August 26, 1992
India, Andhra Pradesh State – December 29, 2015

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