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Wakayama

Prefecture

Prefectures of Japan Wakayama

Prefectures of Japan Wakayama

Wakayama Prefecture (和歌山県, Wakayama-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kansai region of Honshu.[1]: 1026  Wakayama Prefecture has a population of 944,320 (as of 1 October 2017) and has a geographic area of 4,724 square kilometres (1,824 sq mi). Wakayama Prefecture borders Osaka Prefecture to the north, and Mie Prefecture and Nara Prefecture to the northeast.

Wakayama is the capital and largest city of Wakayama Prefecture, with other major cities including Tanabe, Hashimoto, and Kinokawa.[2]: 1025  Wakayama Prefecture is located on the western coast of the Kii Peninsula on the Kii Channel, connecting the Pacific Ocean and Seto Inland Sea, across from Tokushima Prefecture on the island of Shikoku.

History

Present-day Wakayama is mostly the western part of the province of Kii.

1953 flood disaster

On July 17–18, 1953, a torrential heavy rain occurred, followed by collapse of levees, river flooding and landslides in a wide area. Many bridges and houses were destroyed. According to an officially confirmed report by the Government of Japan, 1,015 people died, with 5,709 injured and 7,115 houses lost.

Geography

As of 31 March 2020, 13 percent of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Setonaikai and Yoshino-Kumano National Parks; Kongō-Ikoma-Kisen and Kōya-Ryūjin Quasi-National Parks; and Enju Kaigan, Hatenashi Sanmyaku, Hikigawa, Jōgamori Hokodai, Kōyasanchō Ishimichi-Tamagawakyō, Kozagawa, Nishiarida, Oishi Kōgen, Ōtōsan, Ryūmonzan, Shiramisan-Wadagawakyō, and Shirasaki Kaigan Prefectural Natural Parks.

Cities

Nine cities are in Wakayama Prefecture:

Demographics

Since 1996, population of Wakayama Prefecture has kept declining, and since 2010, it has been the only prefecture in Kansai region with population below 1,000,000. In 2017, Wakayama is ranked 40th by population in Japan with a population of 944,320.

List of Governor of Wakayama (1947 to present)

Shinji Ono (小野真次):from 19 April 1947 to 22 April 1967
Masao Ohashi (大橋正雄):from 23 April 1967 to 4 October 1975
Shiro Kariya (仮谷志良):from 23 November 1975 to 22 November 1995

Isamu Nishiguchi (西口勇):from 23 November 1995 to 13 July 2000
Yoshiki Kimura (木村良樹):from 3 September 2000 to 2 December 2006
Yoshinobu Nisaka (仁坂吉伸): from 17 December 2006 to present

Culture

Mount Kōya (高野山, Kōya-san) in the Ito District is the headquarters of the Shingon sect of Japanese Buddhism. It is home to one of the first Japanese style Buddhist temples in Japan and remains a pilgrimage site and an increasingly popular tourist destination as people flock to see its ancient temples set amidst the towering cedar trees at the top of the mountain. The Sacred sites and pilgrimage routes in the Kii Mountain Range extend for miles throughout the prefecture and together have been recognized as Japan’s 11th UNESCO World Heritage Site.[5]

The Kumano Shrines are on the southern tip of the prefecture. Tomogashima (a cluster of four islands) is part of the prefecture.

Agriculture

Orange

Wakayama Prefecture ranks first in the production of oranges in Japan. Wakayama has its own brand of oranges, which is produced in Arida District and called ‘Arida-Orange’. Arida District, where oranges have been produced for more than 400 years,[6] yields about half of the orange crops in Wakayama today.[7] Furthermore, the yield of Arida-Oranges accounts for about 10 percent of Japanese domestic production of oranges.

Japanese apricot (Ume)

According to the survey by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan, Wakayama stands first in the production of Japanese apricots (梅, Ume) in Japan. As of 2016, Wakayama made up about 70 percent of Japanese domestic production of Japanese apricots.

Sister relationships

Wakayama Prefecture has friendship and sister relationships with seven places outside Japan:[10] Richmond, Canada; Shandong, People’s Republic of China; Pyrénées-Orientales, France; Florida, United States; Sinaloa, Mexico; Bakersfield, California and Galicia, Spain.

Tourism

Wakayama Prefecture has hot springs such as Shirahama, Kawayu, and Yunomine Onsen.

Transportation

Rail

JR West
Hanwa Line
Kinokuni Line
Wakayama Line
JR Central
Kisei Line
Nankai
Nankai Line
Koya Line
Kada Line
Kishu Railway
Wakayama Electric Railway

Road

Expressway

Hanwa Expressway
Keinawa Expressway
Yuasa Gobo Road
Nachi Katsuura Road

National Highway

Route 24
Route 26
Route 42
Route 168 (Shingu-Gojo-Ikoma-Hirakata)
Route 169 (Shingu-Kumano-Kawakami-Yoshino-Asuka-Kashihara-Nara)
Route 311 (Kamitonda-Tanabe-Shingu-kumano-Owase)
Route 370 (Kainan-Hashimoto-Gojo-Uda-Nara)
Route 371 (Kawachinagano-Hashimoto-Koya-Kushimoto)
Route 424

Ferry

Wakayama-Tokushima

Airport

Nanki Shirahama Airport

Education

Universities

Wakayama University
Koyasan University
Kinki University
Wakayama Medical University

Other areas of interest

Prefectures of Japan Wakayama

Wakayama Prefecture
和歌山県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
• Japanese 和歌山県
• Rōmaji Wakayama-ken

Prefectures of Japan Wakayama
Prefectures of Japan Wakayama
Prefectures of Japan Wakayama
Prefectures of Japan Wakayama

Prefectures of Japan Wakayama

Country Japan
Region Kansai
Island Honshū
Capital Wakayama (city)
Subdivisions Districts: 6, Municipalities: 30
Government
• Governor Yoshinobu Nisaka
Area
• Total 4,724.69 km2 (1,824.21 sq mi)
Area rank 30th
Population (1 October 2017)
• Total 944,320
• Rank 39th
• Density 199.87/km2 (517.7/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-30
Website www.wakayama.lg.jp/
english/
Symbols
Bird Japanese white-eye (Zosterops japonica)
Flower Ume blossom (Prunus mume)
Tree Ubame oak (Quercus phillyraeoides)

finace home after whatwedo line
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